Adam Hochschild emphasizes four major factors that continuously cause conflict in Congo: long-standing antagonism between certain ethnic groups, the 1994 Rwandan genocide, vast wealth in natural resources, and lastly, a vast population--65 million--in an area as big as the United States east of the Mississippi.
Daniel P. Serwer, who served as executive director of the Baker-Hamilton Commission on Iraq, says the "serious" crisis between Kurdistan and the central Iraqi government "needs to be resolved" to some degree before the U.S. troops leave."
Christina Larson writes that although China's crackdown in Xinjiang province was effective in quelling the restless Uigher population, the tactics "seem more likely to foster resistance and resentment than peace and passivity."
Alyssa Ayres examines Pakistan's troubled history by exploring the importance of culture to political legitimacy. By comparing Pakistan's experience with those of India and Indonesia, Ayres analyzes how their national language policies led to very different outcomes. The lessons of these large multiethnic states offer insights for the understanding of culture, identity, and nationalism throughout the world.
This document came from the UN World Conference Against Racism in Durban, South Africa, during April 20-24, 2009. The programme of action proposes measures that nations, regions, and international bodies can implement to combat racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. It includes "recognition that no country can claim to be free of racism, that racism is a global concern, and that tackling it should be a universal effort, is an important achievement." The UN proclaimed that 2015-2024 is the International Decade for People of African Descent.
Beset by increased terror attacks and political infighting, Pakistan's viability as a state is a matter of increasing concern. Experts call for reforming weak civil institutions, resolving ethnic disputes, and checking the power of the military.
The Cultural Palace of Nationalities in Beijing has a new exhibit commemorating the "50th Anniversary of Democratic Reforms in Tibet," a sweeping masterpiece of propaganda that provides one of the few available glimpses of contemporary China.
Fifty years after a failed revolt against Chinese rule, many Tibetans continue to push for greater freedoms. But their claims are plagued by mistrust, and hope for resolving the conflict seems remote as ever.
Post-LTTE Tamil politics will have to move beyond ethnic and territorial concerns to forge solidarity among minorities, in order to reframe the 'national question' in Sri Lanka, says Ahilan Kadirgamar.
Bridget Welsh, an expert on Malaysia, says the country's prime minister has alienated minorities and failed to implement reforms and the country's position in the world has declined under his leadership.
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2015 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass. Read and download »