Foreign Affairs Article

Poker Lessons From Richelieu

Author: David Bell

Armand-Jean du Plessis, better known to history as Cardinal Richelieu (1585–1642), spent most of his career contending for and then exercising control over a deeply divided, indebted, and dysfunctional superpower.

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Foreign Affairs Article

Making Modernity Work

Author: Gideon Rose

Today's troubles are real, but not ideological: they relate more to policies than to principles. The postwar order of mutually supporting liberal democracies with mixed economies solved the central challenge of modernity, reconciling democracy and capitalism. The task now is getting the system back into shape.

See more in North America; Global; Politics and Strategy; History and Theory of International Relations

Foreign Affairs Article

Time to Attack Iran

Author: Matthew Kroenig

Opponents of military action against Iran assume a U.S. military strike would be far more dangerous than simply letting Tehran build a bomb. Not so, argues this former Pentagon defense planner. With a carefully designed strike, Washington could mitigate the costs—or at least bring them down to a bearable level—and spare the region and the world from an unacceptable threat.

See more in Iran; Defense Strategy

Foreign Affairs Article

Talking Tough to Pakistan

Author: Stephen D. Krasner

The United States gives Pakistan billions of dollars in aid each year. Pakistan returns the favor by harboring terrorists, spreading anti-Americanism, and selling nuclear technology abroad. Washington must tell Islamabad to start cooperating or lose its aid and face outright isolation.

See more in Pakistan; Foreign Aid