Genocide

News Release

Priority for New UN Secretary-General: Prevent Genocide

The new secretary-general of the United Nations should make genocide prevention a centerpiece of his reform agenda, concludes a new Council Special Report. "Ban Ki-moon should take the General Assembly's endorsement of the responsibility to protect as a mandate and mission statement for the UN and build a reform program that is designed to implement it."

See more in Global; International Organizations and Alliances; Genocide

Must Read

HRW: Genocide in Iraq – The Anfal Campaign Against the Kurds

Human Rights Watch´s comprehensive report “Genocide in Iraq – The Anfal Campaign Against the Kurds,” originally published in July 1993, details the systematic and deliberate murder of at least 50,000 and possibly as many as 100,000 Kurds. The killings occurred between February and September 1988, and are now a central part of the trial of Saddam Hussein in Iraq. “Genocide in Iraq” shows that the Kurdish victims were targeted on the basis of their ethnicity. This is a summary of the report’s findings.

See more in Iraq; Ethnicity, Minorities, and National Identity; Genocide

Must Read

Dying in Darfur

Author: Samantha Power

Sudan, the largest nation in Africa, had been mostly mired in civil war since it won independence from Britain, in 1956. The central conflict, between Muslim government forces in the North and rebels in the South, began in 1955, abated in 1972, and resumed in 1983...

See more in Sudan; Genocide

Primary Sources

UN Security Council Resolution 955: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

UN Security Council Resolution 955 was adopted on November 8, 1994. It established the International Criminal Tribunal for the Rwanda, "for the sole purpose of prosecuting persons responsible for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of Rwanda and Rwandan citizens responsible for genocide and other such violations
committed in the territory of neighbouring States, between 1 January 1994 and 31 December 1994 and to this end to adopt the Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda annexed hereto."

See more in Rwanda; Courts and Tribunals; Genocide