Trading Places. Peter F. Drucker. National Interest, Spring 2005
The New world economy is fundamentally different from that of the fifty years following World War II. The United States may well remain the political and military leader for decades to come. It is likely also to remain the world's richest and most productive national economy for a long time (though the European Union as a whole is both larger and more productive). But the U.S. economy is no longer the single dominant economy...
An internationally renowned economist, Jagdish Bhagwati takes conventional wisdom—that globalization is the cause of several social ills—and turns it on its head. Properly regulated, globalization, he says, is the most powerful force for social good in the world.
In Free Trade Today, Dr. Bhagwati applies critical insights from revolutionary developments in commercial policy theory to show how the pursuit of social and environmental agendas can be creatively reconciled with the pursuit of free trade.
What exactly is globalization, and should its effects be cheered or jeered? How have developing countries fared under globalization's new dispensation, and what if anything can be done to help them prosper? How are states and firms reacting to the new pressures placed on them? Should the international economic architecture be reformed in response?
The next Democratic president should build on Bill Clinton's legacy of embracing globalization and easing its downsides. This means developing a new system of global economic relations based on American leadership, open markets, engagement with China and other emerging markets, and stronger multilateral regimes to handle transnational challenges such as the environment, labor rights, and the information economy. A new world will need a global New Deal.
Economists Albert Fishlow and Karen Parker show that there is no simple link between the forces of globalization and increased wage inequality, either in the United States or in several other countries.
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