From 1991 to 1992, the Japanese government conducted research about the trafficking of sex slaves (known as "comfort women") in Japan during World War II. The study established the Asian Women's Fund, which worked in Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, and Indonesia to redress victims. On June 20, 2014, more details were released about information exchanged between Japan and South Korea during the study and about Japanese Chief Cabinet Secretary Yohei Kono's statement which acknowledged the involvement of the Japanese military in establishing "comfort stations."
In his testimony before a subcommittee of the House Committee on Natural Resources, Mark P. Lagon argues that illicit fishing worldwide is rife with criminal activities, such as human and drug trafficking. He calls for a strong response from the United States in order to lessen its impact on disadvantaged and vulnerable people, global commerce, and the environment.
A 2012 International Labor Organization study found that at least 20.9 million people are victims of forced labor and human trafficking. One quarter, or 5.5 million, are children. Of the 18.7 million in the private economy (minus the 2.2 million exploited by states or armed rebels), 4.5 million, are victimized primarily for sex.
Mark Lagon describes how over three-quarters of trafficking victims in the global economy are exploited for their labor, and explains how much of this modern-day slavery is linked to the fishing industry.
Ambassador Mark P. Lagon's testimony to the U.S. House of Representatives Committee of Foreign Affairs' Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations discussed the rankings of individual states in the annual Trafficking in Persons Report released by the State Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (TIP office). Ambassador Lagon called on the advice of experts in the TIP office to be heeded and the report be reflective of the situation on the ground rather than be politically expedient.
Holly J. Burkhalter and E. Benjamin Skinner speak about the challenge of documenting modern slavery, designing effective interventions, and bringing those interventions to scale.
The attorney general of the Department of Justice documents U.S. government's efforts to combat human trafficking in the previous fiscal year, as required by the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000. Other human trafficking reports are produced by the State Department and the United Nations.
President Obama signed the executive order on Strengthening Protections Against Trafficking In Persons In Federal Contracts on September 25, 2012.
The White House released this fact sheet on efforts to combat human trafficking on September 25, 2012.
The Council of Europe's Convention Against Trafficking in Human Beings was opened for signature on May 16, 2005 and entered into force on February 1, 2008.
The Ouagadougou Action Plan to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings, Especially Women and Children was adopted on November 23, 2006 by the EU and African states. The EU says, "It aims at developing co-operation, best practices and mechanisms to prevent and combat trafficking in human beings between the European Union and the African Union. The Action Plan takes a holistic human rights approach and includes measures also to protect the victims and prosecute the traffickers."
This United Nations report discusses the widespread nature of human trafficking and the challenges for governments in countering it. The U.S. Department of State and U.S. attorney general also produce reports on human trafficking.
CFR's Mark P. Lagon discusses with students the problem of human trafficking in the world and what the United States can do to deter it.
Mark Lagon testifies before the House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs on human trafficking. He offers recommendations on four areas for action by the United States.
Listen to Ambassador Mark Lagon discuss ways the U.S. government and the private sector can work together to combat human trafficking.
Watch Ambassador Mark Lagon discuss ways the U.S. government and the private sector can work together to combat human trafficking.
This interim report , Trafficking in Persons Interim Assessment, March 2008, is an update to the 2007 Trafficking in Persons Report.
The authors argue that it is essential to begin working now to expand and establish rules and norms governing armed drones, thereby creating standards of behavior that other countries will be more likely to follow.
The author examines Pakistan's complex role in U.S. foreign policy and advocates for a two-pronged approach that works to quarantine threats while integrating Pakistan into the broader U.S. agenda in Asia.
The authors assess the political, security, and economic challenges facing U.S. policymakers in Afghanistan and evaluate a range of policy options.
Maximalist finds lessons in the past that anticipate and clarify our chaotic present, revealing the history of U.S. foreign policy in an unexpected new light. More
This clear and authoritative book presents a sweeping account of China's global resource quest and the unrivaled expansion of its economy. More
The story of the tragic and often tormented relationship between the United States and Pakistan, and a call to prepare for the worst, aim for the best, and avoid past mistakes. More