Human Trafficking

Primary Sources

Japanese Government Policy on the Issue Known as "Comfort Women," April 2007

From 1991 to 1992, the Japanese government conducted research about the trafficking of sex slaves (known as "comfort women") in Japan during World War II. After the study, Japanese Chief Cabinet Secretary Yohei Kono acknowledged the involvement of the Japanese military in establishing "comfort stations" and the Asian Women's Fund was established to redress victims in Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, and Indonesia. This policy from 2007 details Japan's actions to address human rights issues and learn from history. On June 20, 2014, more details were released about information exchanged between Japan and South Korea during the study and about Japanese Chief Cabinet Secretary Yohei Kono's statement.

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Analysis Brief

The Human Trafficking Scourge

Human trafficking is a growing problem, affecting virtually all countries, according to a recent UN report on the crime. But the problem has yet to be confronted in many countries and non-governmental groups are divided on what to do.

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Remarks on Human Trafficking

Author: George Bush

President Bush says his administration is “taking the lead” in helping other governments stop human trafficking, and he singles out Cuba as an egregious violator of international anti-trafficking laws.

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Primary Sources

Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons to the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime

The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons to the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime was adopted in 2000 and entered into force on December 25, 2003.

The UNODC states, "The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, was adopted by General Assembly resolution 55/25. ... It is the first global legally binding instrument with an agreed definition on trafficking in persons. The intention behind this definition is to facilitate convergence in national approaches with regard to the establishment of domestic criminal offences that would support efficient international cooperation in investigating and prosecuting trafficking in persons cases. An additional objective of the Protocol is to protect and assist the victims of trafficking in persons with full respect for their human rights."

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Slavery and Supply Chains: What Businesses Can Do To Fight Human Trafficking

The unprecedented movement of labor and complex chains of production of exportable goods promise many advances for economic prosperity. Ambassador Mark Lagon will argue that the rule of law and good corporate citizenship are needed to address those cases when migrant workers are subjected to forced labor as a result of coercion, fraud, debt, and seized identity documents.  Globalization need not result in human trafficking as a modern day form of slavery, but only if public and private sector actors work vigilantly together.

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