Humanitarian Intervention

Council Special Report No. 49

Intervention to Stop Genocide and Mass Atrocities

Author: Matthew C. Waxman

Recent events in Darfur raise the familiar question of whether international law facilitates the kind of early, decisive, and coherent action needed to effectively combat genocide. Matthew C. Waxman argues that putting decisions about international intervention solely in the hands of the UN Security Council risks undermining the threat or use of intervention when it may be most potent in stopping mass atrocities.

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A Killer Forces A Choice in Darfur

Author: Michael J. Gerson
Washington Post

Michael Gerson argues that in light of the humanitarian crisis in Darfur's refugee camps, the international community faces  a difficult choice: accept President Omar Hassan al-Bashir's decision to expel relief groups, or increase pressure on Sudan's regime at the risk of more short-term suffering and death.

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Primary Sources

UN Secretary-General's Report: Implementing the Responsibility to Protect, 2009

According to the Responsiblity to Protect's (RtoP) summary of core documents, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon released this report on January 12, 2009, to explains how RtoP will operate and the actors involved. Ban Ki-moon envisioned RtoP implementation based on three pillars: "1) the protection responsibilities of the state, 2) international assistance and capacity building, and 3) timely and decisive response to prevent and halt genocide, ethnic cleansing, war crimes and crimes against humanity."

See more in Humanitarian Intervention; International Organizations and Alliances