Millions of Sudanese continue to live in fear of violence because of the unsettled conflict in western Darfur. Also, a one-year-old peace deal ending a long civil war between Sudan’s mainly Muslim north and the animist and Christian south has still not produced a national unity government as planned. The International Crisis Group’s John Prendergast tells cfr.org international pressure is needed for real change in Sudan.
The three-year conflict in Darfur continues as the United Nations prepares to send a peacekeeping mission to replace the ineffectual African Union (AU) presence in Sudan. Human rights advocates say the Darfur situation highlights the international community's inability to protect civilians when their governments are unable or unwilling to help.
This CFR-sponsored Independent Task Force finds that Africa is of growing strategic importance to the United States in addition to being an important humanitarian concern, and finds that critical humanitarian interests would be better served by a more comprehensive U.S. approach toward Africa.
After the High-level Plenary Meeting of the General Assembly in New York, UN General Assembly Member States agreed to the Responsibility to Protect (RtoP) segment of the World Summit Outcome on September 15, 2005. RtoP requires protection of people from "genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity."
Authors: David S. Bassiouni, Halvor Fossum Lauritzsen, and Howard Roy Williams
An independent report commissioned by the United Nations Emergency Relief Coordinator & Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
In recent years, humanitarian organizations have become increasingly effective in saving lives, alleviating human suffering, and advocating for the rights of people in need. Nonetheless, there still are considerable gaps in the ability of the humanitarian system to respond adequately to all humanitarian crises. Hence, we must, and we can, do better to be more predictable in our response to vulnerable populations around the globe.
This resolution, sponsored mainly by the United States, threatened the Sudanese government with sanctions if it did not halt attacks by Arab Sudanese militias on black Sudanese villagers of the Darfur region. It also stipulated the formulation of an international panel to decide if the Darfur attacks were acts of genocide.