Humanitarian Intervention

Primary Sources

UN Resolution 1564, Sudan

This resolution, sponsored mainly by the United States, threatened the Sudanese government with sanctions if it did not halt attacks by Arab Sudanese militias on black Sudanese villagers of the Darfur region. It also stipulated the formulation of an international panel to decide if the Darfur attacks were acts of genocide.

See more in Sudan; Conflict Assessment; Humanitarian Intervention

Foreign Affairs Article

The Responsibility to Protect

Authors: Gareth Evans and Mohamed Sahnoun

Throughout the humanitarian crises of the 1990s, the international community failed to come up with rules on how and when to intervene, and under whose authority. Despite the new focus on terrorism, these debates will not go away. The issue must be reframed as an argument not about the "right to intervene" but about the "reponsibility to protect" that all sovereign states owe to their citizens.

See more in Global; International Law; Humanitarian Intervention


The Price of Indifference

Author: Arthur C. Helton

Refugee policy has not kept pace with new realities in international and humanitarian affairs. Recent policy failures have resulted in instability, terrible hardships, and massive losses of life. In this seminal book, Senior Fellow Arthur Helton systematically analyzes refugee policy responses over the past decade and calls for specific reforms to make policy more proactive and comprehensive.

See more in Global; Humanitarian Intervention; Refugees and the Displaced

Other Report

Timeline for Humanitarian Action in Post-Taliban Afghanistan

Authors: Robert P. DeVecchi and Arthur C. Helton

Events on the ground in Afghanistan are evolving rapidly, and prospects are growing for the disintegration of the Taliban. This raises the possibility of the repatriation to their homes in Afghanistan of millions of refugee and displaced persons. This paper discusses what should be done now to facilitate voluntary return, and what should be done over the long-term to sustain return.

See more in Humanitarian Intervention; Afghanistan

Other Report

Humanitarian Intervention: Crafting a Workable Doctrine

Author: Alton Frye

Americans have spent much time in the last ten years arguing whether to intervene in places like Kosovo, Rwanda, and East Timor—and there will almost certainly be no policy consensus in future humanitarian crises of that nature, according to this report. Instead of phony consensus, this Council Policy Initiative lays out three separate arguments that would support distinct policy emphases on humanitarian intervention.

See more in Global; Humanitarian Intervention