This module features teaching notes for Reforming U.S. Patent Policy: Getting the Incentives Right by author Keith E. Maskus, along with other resources to supplement the text. This Council Special Report acknowledges the importance of patent protection for innovation but also warns against blind adherence to the mantra that more protection will necessarily produce more innovation.
Two controversial U.S. anti-piracy bills have spotlighted the growing challenge of how to protect intellectual copyrights, particularly across international borders, without compromising Internet freedom.
A critique of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office's practice of denying patents for new financial services products unless they are connected to the "technological arts." The article shows that this restriction on patentability has no grounding in U.S. patent law or precedent and does little to address the larger and more important issue of dwindling patent quality.
Reforms of the U.S. patent system have made it too easy to obtain and defend patents and more costly to challenge patent decisions, thereby limiting the competition of ideas, discouraging innovation, and ultimately reducing U.S. competitiveness, argues a new Council Special Report.
This study examines low-carbon technology innovation and absorption in China, India, and Brazil. It recommends a course for U.S. policy that promotes accelerated innovation and adoption of new technologies while protecting U.S. commercial interests.
U.S. trade is increasingly dependent on high-technology and innovation-intensive goods. Many companies share a reliance on innovation and export and, therefore, an interest in ensuring adequate intellectual property protection for their products worldwide. This report examiens the scourge of piracy, which affects the symbols of U.S. economic strength and greatest hope for the future--modern information-intensive industries.
Representatives from U.S. Departments of Commerce, Defense, Homeland Security, Justice, State, Treasury, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, and the Office of the United States Trade Representative collaborated to create this strategy, addressing threats to the intellectual property and innovation of the U.S. economy.
The Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks was adopted on June 27, 1989; it was amended in October 2006 and November 2007. It concerns the international registration of trademarks and is administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization.
The Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks was signed in 1891, revised at Brussels in 1900, Washington in 1911, the Hague in 1925, London in 1934, Nice in 1957, Stockholm in 1967, and amended in 1979. It concerns the international registration of trademarks and is administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization.
Senator Ron Wyden and Representative Darrell Issa proposed on January 18, 2012, the Online Protection and Enforcement of Digital Trade Act (OPEN) as an alternative for SOPA and PIPA, two Congressional bills related to intellectural property online that opponents said compromised free speech, innovation, access to information online, and the infrastructure of the Internet.
U.S. Representative Lamar Smith introduced the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) on October 26, 2011; the Senate proposed a related bill, PROTECT IP Act (PIPA). SOPA's full title states that its aim is "to promote prosperity, creativity, entrepreneurship, and innovation by combating the theft of U.S. property, and for other purposes." Opponents of the bills state that they will restrict free speech, innovation, and access to online information and proposed Online Protection and Enforcement of Digital Trade Act (OPEN Act).
Commerce Secretary Locke gave these remarks on June 16, 2011, at the Chamber of Commerce. He discussed the international challenges faced by the Internet Policy Task Force, which was launched to safeguard consumer privacy, improve cybersecurity, and protect intellectual property online.
Senator Patrick Leahy introduced PROTECT IP Act (Preventing Real Online Threats to Economic Creativity and Theft of Intellectual Property Act (PIPA)) on May 12, 2011; the House introduced a similar bill, SOPA, on October 26, 2011. PIPA's goal is to prevent access to "rogue websites dedicated to the sale of infringing or counterfeit goods." Opponents of the bills state that they will restrict free speech, innovation, integrity of online infrastructure, and access to online information and proposed Online Protection and Enforcement of Digital Trade Act (OPEN Act).
The Council on Foreign Relations' David Rockefeller Studies Program—CFR's "think tank"—is home to more than seventy full-time, adjunct, and visiting scholars and practitioners (called "fellows"). Their expertise covers the world's major regions as well as the critical issues shaping today's global agenda. Download the printable CFR Experts Guide.