President George W. Bush on July 10, 2008 signed this act into law. It amends the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) of 1978, which set up a procedure and authorization for government intelligence programs to collect and monitor communications outside of the United States.
Representative Jane Harman (D-CA) and Representative Peter Hoekstra (R-MI), two leaders in the drafting and passage of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004, discuss national security and the state of the intelligence community.
Thomas Fingar, who leads the agency that produced the most recent Iran National Intelligence Estimate, says conclusions about Tehran’s weapons program are sound, but the report’s delivery could have been framed differently.
Watch Dr. Thomas Fingar discuss controversial national intelligence estimates on Iran and Iraq, changes in intelligence analysis, and new tools available to analysts.
Listen to Dr. Thomas Fingar discuss controversial national intelligence estimates on Iran and Iraq, changes in intelligence analysis, and new tools available to analysts.
The intelligence community's record is better than people think — and most reform proposals are worse.
The government’s quest to use new technology to track terrorist threats is raising fresh concerns about privacy and free speech.
Washington’s November 2007 intelligence estimate of Iranian nuclear capabilities has clouded the very issue it aimed to define.
David Kay, a veteran international arms inspector, says the publicly released version of the National Intelligence Estimate on Iran was seriously flawed.
As debate over changes to an expanded domestic-spying program rages in Congress, the future of foreign intelligence gathering is in question.
Senator Christopher Dodd gave this speech on the Senate floor on December 17, 2007, during a hearing about the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act. He argues that companies have violated their customers' privacy rights in handing over information to the government without warrants and that they should not be granted immunity.
The U.S. intelligence report on Iran’s nuclear capabilities was greeted warmly by President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, but could return attention to unpopular domestic policies.
John Barry recounts watching two torture films as evidence to why the CIA destroyed taped torture sessions.
Knopf argues that the only remaining path for South Sudan is for an international transitional administration to run the country for a finite period.
The U.S. relationship with Israel is in trouble. Blackwill and Gordon offer six core policy proposals to repair, redefine, and invigorate the partnership.
To ensure the success of Myanmar's historic democratic transition, the United States should revise its outdated and counterproductive sanctions policy.
The definitive account of the secret war in Laos, which forever changed the CIA from a relatively small spying agency into an organization with vast paramilitary powers. More
CFR President Haass argues for an updated global operating system to address challenges from terrorism to climate change. More
Alden provides an enlightening history of the last four decades of U.S. trade policies and a blueprint for how to keep the United States competitive in a globalized economy. More
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2016 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass.
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