Required by Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, this report contains the history and implementation of the National Security Agency's intelligence collection, the legal assessment of the program, and summaries from several departments on the impact of the program towards counterterrorism efforts.
President Obama's decision to release information on CIA interrogation techniques has sparked furious debate over U.S. handling of terror suspects. CFR's Daniel Prieto says the new details indicate the "contorted" logic used by the Bush administration to justify harsh questioning.
Robert S. Mueller III, director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), discusses the FBI's efforts to act as a global security, national security, and law enforcement organization, and to effectively address the threat of global terrorism.
Listen to CFR experts Daniel B. Prieto and Matthew C. Waxman discuss the implications of President Obama’s decision to close the Guantánamo prison camp and reverse the Bush Administration's policies on detention and interrogation.
President Obama released this order on January 22, 2009, which aims to "promote the safe, lawful, and humane treatment of individuals in United States custody and of United States personnel who are detained in armed conflicts, to ensure compliance with the treaty obligations of the United States." This order revokes Executive Order 13440, "Interpretation of the Geneva Conventions Common Article 3 as Applied to a Program of Detention and Interrogation Operated by the Central Intelligence Agency," which limited United States compliance with Geneva Conventions regarding treatment of individuals detained by the Central Intelligence Agency.
The Attorney General released these guidelines in September 2008, and outlined the background of the guide and which previous legal frameworks are replaced in a memorandum to heads of relevant intelligence and law enforcement departments.
President George W. Bush on July 10, 2008 signed this act into law. It amends the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) of 1978, which set up a procedure and authorization for government intelligence programs to collect and monitor communications outside of the United States.
The Council on Foreign Relations' David Rockefeller Studies Program—CFR's "think tank"—is home to more than seventy full-time, adjunct, and visiting scholars and practitioners (called "fellows"). Their expertise covers the world's major regions as well as the critical issues shaping today's global agenda. Download the printable CFR Experts Guide.
Campbell evaluates the implications of the Boko Haram insurgency and recommends that the United States support Nigerian efforts to address the drivers of Boko Haram, such as poverty and corruption, and to foster stronger ties with Nigerian civil society.
Koblentz argues that the United States should work with other nuclear-armed states to manage threats to nuclear stability in the near term and establish processes for multilateral arms control efforts over the longer term.
The authors argue that it is essential to begin working now to expand and establish rules and norms governing armed drones, thereby creating standards of behavior that other countries will be more likely to follow.
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2014 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass. Read and download »