President George W. Bush on July 10, 2008 signed this act into law. It amends the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) of 1978, which set up a procedure and authorization for government intelligence programs to collect and monitor communications outside of the United States.
Representative Jane Harman (D-CA) and Representative Peter Hoekstra (R-MI), two leaders in the drafting and passage of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004, discuss national security and the state of the intelligence community.
Thomas Fingar, who leads the agency that produced the most recent Iran National Intelligence Estimate, says conclusions about Tehran’s weapons program are sound, but the report’s delivery could have been framed differently.
Watch Dr. Thomas Fingar discuss controversial national intelligence estimates on Iran and Iraq, changes in intelligence analysis, and new tools available to analysts.
Listen to Dr. Thomas Fingar discuss controversial national intelligence estimates on Iran and Iraq, changes in intelligence analysis, and new tools available to analysts.
The intelligence community's record is better than people think — and most reform proposals are worse.
The government’s quest to use new technology to track terrorist threats is raising fresh concerns about privacy and free speech.
Washington’s November 2007 intelligence estimate of Iranian nuclear capabilities has clouded the very issue it aimed to define.
David Kay, a veteran international arms inspector, says the publicly released version of the National Intelligence Estimate on Iran was seriously flawed.
As debate over changes to an expanded domestic-spying program rages in Congress, the future of foreign intelligence gathering is in question.
Senator Christopher Dodd gave this speech on the Senate floor on December 17, 2007, during a hearing about the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act. He argues that companies have violated their customers' privacy rights in handing over information to the government without warrants and that they should not be granted immunity.
The U.S. intelligence report on Iran’s nuclear capabilities was greeted warmly by President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, but could return attention to unpopular domestic policies.
John Barry recounts watching two torture films as evidence to why the CIA destroyed taped torture sessions.
Campbell evaluates the implications of the Boko Haram insurgency and recommends that the United States support Nigerian efforts to address the drivers of Boko Haram, such as poverty and corruption, and to foster stronger ties with Nigerian civil society.
Koblentz argues that the United States should work with other nuclear-armed states to manage threats to nuclear stability in the near term and establish processes for multilateral arms control efforts over the longer term.
The authors argue that it is essential to begin working now to expand and establish rules and norms governing armed drones, thereby creating standards of behavior that other countries will be more likely to follow.
Smith's insightful book explores the policy issues testing the Japanese government as it tries to navigate its relationship with an advancing China. More
This revolutionary new look at volatility and crisis in oil markets explores the conditions in which oil supply fears arise, gain popularity, and eventually wane. More
Maximalist finds lessons in the past that anticipate and clarify our chaotic present, revealing the history of U.S. foreign policy in an unexpected new light. More
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2014 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass.
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