Primary Sources

Executive Order 13491: "Ensuring Lawful Interrogations"

Author: Barack Obama

President Obama released this order on January 22, 2009, which aims to "promote the safe, lawful, and humane treatment of individuals in United States custody and of United States personnel who are detained in armed conflicts, to ensure compliance with the treaty obligations of the United States." This order revokes Executive Order 13440, "Interpretation of the Geneva Conventions Common Article 3 as Applied to a Program of Detention and Interrogation Operated by the Central Intelligence Agency," which limited United States compliance with Geneva Conventions regarding treatment of individuals detained by the Central Intelligence Agency.

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Primary Sources

FISA Amendments Act of 2008 (H.R. 6304)

President George W. Bush on July 10, 2008 signed this act into law. It amends the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) of 1978, which set up a procedure and authorization for government intelligence programs to collect and monitor communications outside of the United States.

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Intelligence Reform and Oversight: The View From Congress [Rush Transcript; Federal News Agency]

Speakers: Jane Harman and Peter Hoekstra
Presider: Joseph J. Helman

Representative Jane Harman (D-CA) and Representative Peter Hoekstra (R-MI), two leaders in the drafting and passage of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004, discuss national security and the state of the intelligence community.

See more in Intelligence; United States; Congresses, Parliaments, National Legislatures