Media and Foreign Policy

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Immigration Benefits and Terrorism: Moving Beyond the 9/11 Staff Report on Terrorist Travel

Author: Janice L. Kephart

This report covers the immigration histories of 94 terrorists who operated in the United States between the early 1990s and 2004, including six of the September 11th hijackers. Other than the hijackers, almost all of these individuals have been indicted or convicted for their crimes. The report builds on prior work done by 9/11 Commission and the Center for Immigration Studies, providing more information than has been previously been made public.

The findings show widespread terrorist violations of immigration laws. The report highlights the danger of our lax immigration system, not just in terms of who is allowed in, but also how terrorists, once in the country, used weaknesses in the system to remain here. The report makes clear that strict enforcement of immigration law – at American consulates overseas, at ports of entry, and within the United States – must be an integral part of our efforts to prevent future attacks on U.S. soil.

See more in Terrorism; Immigration; United States; Media and Foreign Policy

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USIP. Arab Media: Tools of the Government, Tools for the People

Believing that the Arab media played a critical role in shaping the information environment that was fomenting the “culture of death” that ennobled suicide bombers and the cult of terrorism, the United States Institute of Peace launched a systematic investigation into how the Arab media was informing and shaping the hearts and minds of Arab publics...

See more in Middle East and North Africa; Media and Foreign Policy

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Independent Media Development Abroad: Challenges Exist in Implementing US Efforts and Measuring Results

The Department of State and the U.S. Agency for International Development obligated at least $40 million in fiscal year 2004 for the development of independent media , including activities such as journalism and business management training and support for legal and regulatory frameworks. About 60 percent of the fiscal year 2004 USAID and State obligations identified supported independent media development projects in Europe and Eurasia .  This report discusses challenges in designing performance indicators and accurately measuring and reporting results directly tied to the performance of U.S. independent media efforts, as well as challenges to  implementation of media development efforts, including a changing political condition, sustainability of local media outlets, and coordination between donors and providers.

See more in United States; Media and Foreign Policy