China's rapid economic development has been fueled in large part by a massive migration of rural workers to cities and industrial zones. Young, poorly educated, and highly mobile, these workers continue to face discrimination due to their rural origins and transitory status.
Migrants suffer as countries around the world adopt protectionist measures to respond to the global downturn. This could trigger economic and social instability in poorer countries, while adversely affecting rich economies in the long-term.
This report from Amnesty International describes the plight of the estimated 150-200 million rural-to-urban migrants who have moved to China’s cities in search of work and better lives in what has been called "the world’s largest ever peacetime migration", documenting how they are treated as second class citizens within their own country.
Speakers: Sarah E. Mendelson, Alice Miller, and Joy Zarembka Presider: Nicholas D. Kristof
This portion of the symposium addresses specific health and security issues related to human trafficking and examines the efficacy of national and international legislation designed to combat trafficking.
The Global Commission on International Migration, which presented its Report to UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan and UN member states on 5 October 2005, says that the international community has failed to realize the full potential of international migration and has not risen to the many opportunities and challenges it presents. Greater coherence, cooperation and capacity are required for a more effective governance of migration, at national, regional and global levels
International Organization for Migration. World Migration 2005: Costs and Benefits of International Migration
Where are people migrating today and why? What are the implications for the world's developing and industrialized economies? And what are the key issues facing policy makers in migrant origin, destination, and transit countries? World Migration 2005 analyses the effects of globalization, trade liberalization, economic integration and the widening gap between rich and poor nations on migration flows.
The Organization of American States Inter-American Program for the Promotion and Protection of the Human Rights of Migrants, Including Migrant Workers and their Families "delegates 33 specific activities intended for the protection of the human rights of migrants in different areas of the General Secretariat of the OAS. Among others, these activities include the study and the dissemination of national migratory legislation, the exchange of information and technical assistance in the area of human rights with state governments and government officials, the development of programs for the protection of migrant women and children, research into the political participation of migrants, and the exchange of best practices between the different actors of this Program." It was officially approved on June 7, 2005.
This CFR-sponsored Independent Task Force finds that Africa is of growing strategic importance to the United States in addition to being an important humanitarian concern, and finds that critical humanitarian interests would be better served by a more comprehensive U.S. approach toward Africa.
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2015 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass. Read and download »