Military Operations

Primary Sources

Joint Resolution Authorizing Use of United States Armed Forces Against Iraq

The joint resolution of Congress gave President George Bush the authority to use military force against Iraq to "defend the national security of the United States against the continuing threat posed by Iraq and to enforce all relevant United Nations Security Council Resolutions regarding Iraq." President Bush used military force five months after the resolution was passed.

See more in Military Operations; United States; Iraq; Congresses, Parliaments, National Legislatures

Video

Iraq: Assessing the Surge

Speakers: Linda Robinson and Francis J. West
Presider: Deborah Susan Amos

Watch Linda Robinson, author in residence at the Johns Hopkins University's Philip Merrill Center for Strategic Studies and Francis J. West, correspondent at the Atlantic Monthly Press, assess the political and strategic effects of the surge in Iraq.

See more in Iraq; Military Operations; United States

Video

Iraq: Five Years of War

Speaker: Barry R. McCaffrey
Presider: Jane Arraf

Watch Barry McCaffrey, a retired U.S. army general and adjunct professor of international affairs at West Point, discuss past failings and future options for success in Iraq five years after the war began.

See more in Wars and Warfare; Iraq; Military Operations