Congressional Research Service report analyzing the security background to President Bush's announcement on January 10 of a deployment of an additional 21,500 US forces to help stabilize Baghdad and restive Anbar Province, as well as other measures to create jobs and promote political reconciliation.
President Bush, admitting mistakes in Iraq, announced an increase of 21,500 troops to secure Baghdad and Anbar and pressed Iraqi leaders to meet governance benchmarks. A skeptical Democratic majority in Congress plans hearings to scrutinize administration policy.
Because they lack a coherent strategy, U.S. forces in Iraq have failed to defeat the insurgency or improve security. Winning will require a new approach to counterinsurgency, one that focuses on providing security to Iraqis rather than hunting down insurgents. And it will take at least a decade.
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Campbell evaluates the implications of the Boko Haram insurgency and recommends that the United States support Nigerian efforts to address the drivers of Boko Haram, such as poverty and corruption, and to foster stronger ties with Nigerian civil society.
Koblentz argues that the United States should work with other nuclear-armed states to manage threats to nuclear stability in the near term and establish processes for multilateral arms control efforts over the longer term.
The authors argue that it is essential to begin working now to expand and establish rules and norms governing armed drones, thereby creating standards of behavior that other countries will be more likely to follow.
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