Nation Building

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OpenDemocracy: The Resistible Rise of Nuri al-Maliki

Author: Toby Dodge

When faced with a rising tide of violence, largely caused by their own policy mistakes, the U.S. occupation embarked on the reconstitution of an Iraqi military. The resultant Iraqi security forces, under the control of Nuri al-Maliki, are today on their way to occupying the same role as the armed forces of the Ba'athist regime, writes Toby Dodge.

See more in Iraq; Nation Building; Defense and Security

Primary Sources

Declaration of the Istanbul Process on Regional Security and Cooperation for a Secure and Stable Afghanistan

The declaration of the Istanbul Process on Regional Security and Cooperation for a Secure and Stable Afghanistan was adopted on November 2, 2011 at the Istanbul Conference on Afghanistan. The declaration was agreed to by Afghanistan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Pakistan, the Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, the Republic of Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, and the United Arab Emirates.

See more in Afghanistan; Nation Building