Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament

Testimony

Evaluating Key Components of a Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran

Author: Ray Takeyh

In his testimony before the Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs, Ray Takeyh argues that before the impending nuclear agreement with Iran places Tehran inches away from the bomb, the United States should insist on additional parameters to assure that the deal will be an advantageous one for the international community.

See more in Iran; Weapons of Mass Destruction; Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament

Op-Ed

A Constructive Ban-the-Bomb Movement

Authors: Adam Mount and Naomi Egel
Bulletin of Atomic Scientists

On Monday, diplomats will gather in New York for a conference to review the Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT). Held once every five years, the Review Conference is an opportunity to assess progress on the treaty’s basic bargain: States without nuclear weapons promise not to build them if the five nuclear states promise to get rid of theirs. This conference comes at a critical time. For 70 years, the nonproliferation regime has limited the spread of nuclear weapons. Today, it is marked by deep discord.

See more in Global; Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament

Primary Sources

Framework for P5+1 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iran's Nuclear Program

In November 2013, the P5+1 (the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, France, Russia, and China, facilitated by the European Union) and Iran released a Joint Plan of Action (JPOA), which required Iran to stop developing its nuclear capabilities and in return P5+1 would reduce economic sanctions. In March 2015, the P5+1 met again with Iran in Lausanne, Switzerland and on April 2, 2015, released a joint statement on Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). The framework lays out the parameters for the final text of the plan, which is due June 30, 2015.

See more in Iran; Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament

Primary Sources

Statement by the Vice President on the March 9 Letter From Republican Senators to the Islamic Republic of Iran

Author: Joseph R. Biden Jr.

Vice President Joseph Biden wrote a response to the May 9, 2015 letter from Republican Senators to Iran, which stated that Congress had to approve international agreements related to Iran's nuclear program. Vice President Biden responded that international negotiations and diplomacy often take place outside of congressional approval.

See more in Iran; United States; Congresses, Parliaments, National Legislatures; Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament

Primary Sources

U.S. Senate: Open Letter to the Leaders of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Forty-seven U.S. Senate Republicans signed an open letter to leaders in Iran about the U.S. participation in P5+1 talks on Iran's nuclear program. The letter states that any agreement reached must be approved by Congress and that Congress can overturn any agreement reached after President Obama leaves office. Vice President Joseph Biden responded with a statement about the nature of international agreements and Congress's role.

See more in Iran; Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament; Congresses, Parliaments, National Legislatures; United States

Transcript

Media Conference Call: Assessing Netanyahu's Speech

Speakers: Robert M. Danin and Ray Takeyh
Presider: Gideon Rose

CFR experts Robert Danin and Ray Takeyh discuss Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's March 3, 2015 speech before a joint session of U.S. Congress. Experts discuss U.S.-Israel relations, Prime Minister Netanyahu's strategic objectives, and ongoing talks over Iran's nuclear program.

See more in Israel; Iran; Presidents and Chiefs of State; Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament