After Obama urges Israel to join Non-Proliferation Treaty, Israeli experts disagree on best course of action. 'If we had taken this step, we wouldn't be dragged into it now,' Prof. Uzi Even says. Meanwhile, Dr. Efraim Escolai says there's no reason to change policy.
Global agreements aim to promote peaceful nuclear power while preventing the spread of materials, equipment, and technologies used to make nuclear weapons. CFR's research, meetings, interviews, backgrounders, and interactive content provide an essential source of analysis on these issues.
The New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) was signed by presidents Barack Obama and Dmitry Medvedev in Prague on April 8, 2010, and went into effect in February 2011. It superceded START I and the Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty (Moscow Treaty).
The signing of a new strategic nuclear agreement with Russia bolsters U.S. president Barack Obama's diplomatic credentials and opens a new chapter on arms control, but domestic political challenges await, says CFR's Charles Kupchan.
Michael A. Levi says that while President Obama's plan to reduce nuclear weapons is generally a step in the right direction, a complete reduction of nuclear dangers will depend on efforts largely beyond the new strategy's scope.
Violations of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty by Iran and North Korea threaten to undermine the legitimacy of the nonproliferation regime. Paul Lettow proposes a comprehensive agenda for improvements, including tougher sanctions against transgressors, a criteria-based system to limit the spread of enrichment and processing technologies, and expansion of International Atomic Energy Agency authority.
The U.S.-Russia agreement to cut nuclear arsenals could prove a major boost to arms control and nonproliferation initiatives, but at least one important strategic disagreement will linger, writes CFR's Stephen Sestanovich.
The idea of nuclear disarmament is gaining traction internationally, but countries supporting it must counter the nuclear proliferation risk created by Iran and North Korea, and make sure disarmament treaties include strong verification mechanisms, says former Secretary of State George P. Shultz.
Forty years ago, the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) set into place one of the most important international security bargains of all time: states without nuclear weapons pledged not to acquire them, while nuclear-armed states committed to eventually give them up. At the same time, the NPT allowed for the peaceful use of nuclear technology by nonnuclear-weapon states under strict and verifiable control. The NPT is a good deal that must be honored and strengthened.
A CFR expert on nuclear issues, Paul Lettow says President Obama's agenda will be heavily tilted toward nuclear issues in 2010. He says this is "the ideal moment for strong American leadership on these issues," and despite Obama's disappointment in not wrapping up a new START treaty by the end of the year, Lettow expects the treaty to be signed in early 2010.
A comprehensive report by the International Commission on Nuclear Nonproliferation and Disarmament maps out short, medium, and long term goals for policy makers to use in order to completely eliminate nuclear weapons.
The authors argue that the United States has responded inadequately to the rise of Chinese power and recommend placing less strategic emphasis on the goal of integrating China into the international system and more on balancing China's rise.
Campbell evaluates the implications of the Boko Haram insurgency and recommends that the United States support Nigerian efforts to address the drivers of Boko Haram, such as poverty and corruption, and to foster stronger ties with Nigerian civil society.
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