Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament

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Arms Control Association: Major Proposals to Strengthen the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty

Author: Cole Harvey

Forty years ago, the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) set into place one of the most important international security bargains of all time: states without nuclear weapons pledged not to acquire them, while nuclear-armed states committed to eventually give them up. At the same time, the NPT allowed for the peaceful use of nuclear technology by nonnuclear-weapon states under strict and verifiable control. The NPT is a good deal that must be honored and strengthened.

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Nuclear Agenda Rising to Top of World Issues in 2010

Paul Lettow interviewed by Bernard Gwertzman

A CFR expert on nuclear issues, Paul Lettow says President Obama's agenda will be heavily tilted toward nuclear issues in 2010. He says this is "the ideal moment for strong American leadership on these issues," and despite Obama's disappointment in not wrapping up a new START treaty by the end of the year, Lettow expects the treaty to be signed in early 2010.

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Academic Conference Call: Strengthening the Nonproliferation Regime (Audio)

Speaker: Charles D. Ferguson
Presider: Irina A. Faskianos

Listen to Charles D. Ferguson, the Philip D. Reed senior fellow for science and technology at CFR, discuss U.S. nuclear weapons policy and strengthening the nonproliferation regime with students as part of CFR's Academic Conference Call series.

Learn more about CFR's Academic Initiative.

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Primary Sources

The Joint Understanding for the START Follow-on Treaty

On July 6, Presidents Medvedev and Obama signed a Joint Understanding to guide the remainder of the negotiations.  The Joint Understanding commits the United States and Russia to reduce their strategic warheads to a range of 1500-1675, and their strategic delivery vehicles to a range of 500-1100.  Under the expiring START and the Moscow treaties the maximum allowable levels of warheads is 2200 and the maximum allowable level of launch vehicles is 1600.

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Primary Sources

Press Conference of President Obama and President Medvedev of Russia and Joint Report of U.S.-Russia Bilateral Presidential Commission

President Barack Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev met on July 6, 2009, in Moscow to discuss nuclear security and the START treaty. They implemented an annual report from the U.S.-Russian Bilateral Presidential Commission to increase collaboration on a broader range of international issues.

See more in Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament; Russian Federation; United States