President Obama released this memorandum regarding national policy on the stewardship of oceans, coasts, and the Great Lakes on June 12, 2009.
Seaborne commerce remains the linchpin of the global economy. And beyond trade, a host of other issues, ranging from climate change and energy to defense and piracy, ensure that the oceans will hold considerable strategic interest well into the future. In this report, Scott G. Borgerson explores an important element of the maritime policy regime: the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. He examines the international negotiations that led to the convention, the history of debates in the United States over whether to join it, and the strategic importance of the oceans for U.S. foreign policy today.
Overfishing and environmental strain have put U.S. oceans in serious trouble. CFR's Scott Borgerson says a new report by the Joint Ocean Commission Initiative lays out a blueprint for better marine management.
Land-based epidemics aren't the only thing we should be worried about, says Laura H. Kahn.
The Premier of Greenland and representatives of Canada, Denmark, Norway, Russia, and the United States held a conference on May 28, 2008 in Ilulissat, Greenland. They agreed upon this declaration about the sovereignty of the Arctic region and how the five nations bordering the Arctic Ocean can address the effects of climate change in the region.
Scott G. Borgerson testifies before the U.S. Senate on a current and evolving policy framework for managing Canada's fisheries and oceans.
With the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea awaiting consideration by the full Senate, speakers address the issues surrounding the treaty and examine the coalitions that have moved it forward after more than 25 years.
Scott Borgerson writes that “coastal shipping has the potential to strengthen the resilience of America's transportation system – an important national security objective.”
The White House is pressing for Senate ratification of the Law of the Sea treaty. Some worry it will endanger national security and harm U.S. industry.
Wrangling over international quotas for bluefin tuna highlights the broader problem of an overall decline in wild fish stocks.
Ellen K. Pikitch, executive director for the Pew Institute for Ocean Science, outlines the state of global fisheries management.
Those who worry about the vulnerability of the world's oil shipping lanes should calm down. Oil tankers are more resilient than often presumed, and only the United States has the capability to seriously disrupt maritime traffic -- which it will not do.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations has released the 2006 State of the World's Fisheries.
The Convention on the Conservation and Management of Fishery Resources in the South East Atlantic Ocean was signed in 2001 and entered into force on April 13, 2003.
The UN states that this agreement "sets out principles for the conservation and management of those fish stocks and establishes that such management must be based on the precautionary approach and the best available scientific information.
Executive Order 13158 regarding marine coastal areas was signed by President Clinton on May 26, 2000
The authors argue that it is essential to begin working now to expand and establish rules and norms governing armed drones, thereby creating standards of behavior that other countries will be more likely to follow.
The author examines Pakistan's complex role in U.S. foreign policy and advocates for a two-pronged approach that works to quarantine threats while integrating Pakistan into the broader U.S. agenda in Asia.
The authors assess the political, security, and economic challenges facing U.S. policymakers in Afghanistan and evaluate a range of policy options.
Maximalist finds lessons in the past that anticipate and clarify our chaotic present, revealing the history of U.S. foreign policy in an unexpected new light. More
This clear and authoritative book presents a sweeping account of China's global resource quest and the unrivaled expansion of its economy. More
The story of the tragic and often tormented relationship between the United States and Pakistan, and a call to prepare for the worst, aim for the best, and avoid past mistakes. More
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2014 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass.
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