Organization of Government

Primary Sources

Open Letter to President Obama and Congress from U.S. Technology Companies

Several U.S. technology companies, Google, Facebook, Apple, Microsoft, Twitter, Yahoo, LinkedIn, and AOL, published an open letter to the government in newspapers on December 9, 2013. The letter requests an end bulk collection of user data, including email, address books, and video chats, and lists accountability and transparency principles the companies support.

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Primary Sources

Good Friday Agreement

Also known as the Belfast Agreement, this agreement was part of the peace plan in Northern Ireland. It provided for Northern Ireland to be run by a elected assembly overseen by an executive committee of both Unionists and Nationalists. Among its many provisions, it also set up a human rights commission, a plan for decommission of paramilitary weapons, and ended the Irish Republic's claim to Northern Ireland by modifying its constitution. Negotiations for another peace proposal were reopened July 2013 through December 2013.

See more in Ireland; Political Movements and Protests; Organization of Government

Primary Sources

Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China

The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China is Hong Kong's constitutional document and it describes Hong Kong's and China's systems of government, the "One Country, Two Systems" concept. The National People's Congress of China adopted the Basic Law on April 4, 1990 and it went into effect on July 1, 1997.

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Task Force Report No. 31

State Department Reform

Ten years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, the military and economic instruments of American power have benefited from renewed attention and resources. However, the forward edge of American national security policy, the Department of State, is in a profound state of disrepair, suffering from long-term mismanagement, antiquated equipment, and dilapidated and insecure facilities.

See more in Organization of Government; United States; Diplomacy and Statecraft; Congresses, Parliaments, National Legislatures; History and Theory of International Relations