Organization of Government
Steven M. Kosiak, director of budget studies at the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, discusses the Bush administration's proposed FY07 homeland security budget.
See more in Homeland Security; Organization of Government; United States
National People's Congress in China passed this law on July 1, 2015. It outlines the government's authority to respond to threats to China's assets and activities in its borders and territories, as well as in cyberspace, space, the deep sea, and polar regions. The law also establishes a national security leadership system for crisis management. On July 6, 2015, the National People's Congress released the text of its proposed Cybersecurity Law that provides additional guidance on technology security standards.
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This legislation was introduced to Congress on April 28, 2015, as H.R. 2048 Uniting and Strengthening America by Fulfilling Rights and Ensuring Effective Discipline Over Monitoring Act of 2015. President Obama signed it into law on June 2, 2015. The act is an overhaul of the National Security Council's intelligence gathering program, the largest reform of the program since the 1978 Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act.
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In 2015, the United States assumed the Chair of the Arctic Council and President Barack Obama released this executive order for coordinating U.S. federal efforts and priorities in the Arctic and working with Alaska tribal governments on issues of climate change, national security, scientific research, energy, and more.
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International leaders and donors met in London on December 4, 2014, and they reviewed the democractically elected government's reform initiatives for fighting corruption and boosting the econommy and its requests for continued financial aid as military troops leave.
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In December 20, 2013, the Department of Defense was tasked with reporting improvements on the prevention and response to sexual assault in the military. It released its report on November 25, 2014. NY Senator Karen Gillibrand responded, saying data from the study that indicated that sixty-three percent of victims report being retaliated against for coming forward about their assault.
See more in United States; Violence Against Women; Organization of Government
This U.S. Court of Appeal's Second Circuit ruled that this redacted version of a 2010 Justice Department memo, which "signed off on the effort to target Anwar Al-Awlaki, an American citizen deemed a terrorist, for killing without a trial," had to be released, in response to FOIA requests filed by the New York Times and the American Civil Liberties Union.
See more in United States; Organization of Government; Terrorism and the Law
The Obama administration implemented an initiative to "take specific actions to implement the principles of transparency, participation, and collaboration," which include publishing more government data online, improving the quality of government document, encouraging a culture of openness and enabling a framework for open policy.
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Several U.S. technology companies, Google, Facebook, Apple, Microsoft, Twitter, Yahoo, LinkedIn, and AOL, published an open letter to the government in newspapers on December 9, 2013. The letter requests an end bulk collection of user data, including email, address books, and video chats, and lists accountability and transparency principles the companies support.
See more in United States; Privacy; Organization of Government
President Barack Obama held a press conference on August 9, 2013, to discuss oversight and transparency of the National Security Agency's surveillance programs.
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The G8 leaders met in the U.K. during June 17–18, 2013, for their thirty-nineth summit. They released a joint communique, the Lough Erne Declaration on private enterprise responsibilities, and signed the Open Data Charter, which covers the regular publication of government data from a variety of departments.
See more in Organization of Government; Internet Policy
Office of Science and Technology Policy Director John Holdren released this memo on February 22, 2013, which requests government departments to develop plans to increase access to federally funded research.
See more in United States; Innovation; Organization of Government
The primary political parties in Mexico negotiated these accords to create congressional consensus and move forward on reforms in the areas of civil rights, economics, security, and governance. The original pact was signed on December 2, 2012, and a fourth political party joined on January 28, 2013.
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The Joint Chiefs of Staff published this document on April 18, 2011, which outlines the functions, organization, employment, and synchronization of Special Operations Forces (SOF).
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The U.S. Embassy in Seoul sent this cable to the State Department on February 18, 2010. It summarizes what Assistant Secretary Kurt Campbell learned from meetings with South Korean leaders and experts about the possibilities of succession in North Korea.
See more in Organization of Government; North Korea; South Korea
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The Attorney General released these guidelines in September 2008, and outlined the background of the guide and which previous legal frameworks are replaced in a memorandum to heads of relevant intelligence and law enforcement departments.
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Also known as the Belfast Agreement, this agreement was part of the peace plan in Northern Ireland. It provided for Northern Ireland to be run by a elected assembly overseen by an executive committee of both Unionists and Nationalists. Among its many provisions, it also set up a human rights commission, a plan for decommission of paramilitary weapons, and ended the Irish Republic's claim to Northern Ireland by modifying its constitution. Negotiations for another peace proposal were reopened July 2013 through December 2013.
See more in Ireland; Political Movements and Protests; Organization of Government
The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China is Hong Kong's constitutional document and it describes Hong Kong's and China's systems of government, the "One Country, Two Systems" concept. The National People's Congress of China adopted the Basic Law on April 4, 1990 and it went into effect on July 1, 1997.
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Senator Barry Goldwater and Representative William Nichols authored the Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986, which became Public Law 99–433 on October 1, 1986. The law streamlined the chain of command in the U.S. military to address inter-agency rivalry and created the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
See more in United States; Defense Strategy; Organization of Government