Organization of Government

Primary Sources

Department of Defense: Report on Sexual Assault Prevention and Response

In December 20, 2013, the Department of Defense was tasked with reporting improvements on the prevention and response to sexual assault in the military. It released its report on November 25, 2014. NY Senator Karen Gillibrand responded, saying data from the study that indicated that sixty-three percent of victims report being retaliated against for coming forward about their assault.

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U.S. Department of Justice Memo: Applicability of Federal Criminal Laws and the Constitution to Contemplated Lethal Operations Against Shaykh Anwar al-Aulaqi

This U.S. Court of Appeal's Second Circuit ruled that this redacted version of a 2010 Justice Department memo, which "signed off on the effort to target Anwar Al-Awlaki, an American citizen deemed a terrorist, for killing without a trial," had to be released, in response to FOIA requests filed by the New York Times and the American Civil Liberties Union.

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Open Letter to President Obama and Congress from U.S. Technology Companies

Several U.S. technology companies, Google, Facebook, Apple, Microsoft, Twitter, Yahoo, LinkedIn, and AOL, published an open letter to the government in newspapers on December 9, 2013. The letter requests an end bulk collection of user data, including email, address books, and video chats, and lists accountability and transparency principles the companies support.

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Good Friday Agreement

Also known as the Belfast Agreement, this agreement was part of the peace plan in Northern Ireland. It provided for Northern Ireland to be run by a elected assembly overseen by an executive committee of both Unionists and Nationalists. Among its many provisions, it also set up a human rights commission, a plan for decommission of paramilitary weapons, and ended the Irish Republic's claim to Northern Ireland by modifying its constitution. Negotiations for another peace proposal were reopened July 2013 through December 2013.

See more in Ireland; Political Movements and Protests; Organization of Government

Primary Sources

Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China

The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China is Hong Kong's constitutional document and it describes Hong Kong's and China's systems of government, the "One Country, Two Systems" concept. The National People's Congress of China adopted the Basic Law on April 4, 1990 and it went into effect on July 1, 1997.

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Task Force Report No. 31

State Department Reform

Ten years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, the military and economic instruments of American power have benefited from renewed attention and resources. However, the forward edge of American national security policy, the Department of State, is in a profound state of disrepair, suffering from long-term mismanagement, antiquated equipment, and dilapidated and insecure facilities.

See more in Organization of Government; United States; Diplomacy and Statecraft; Congresses, Parliaments, National Legislatures; History and Theory of International Relations