Peace, Conflict, and Human Rights


The New Arab Cold War

Authors: Steven A. Cook, Jacob Stokes, and Alexander Brock
Foreign Policy

As the United States attempts to disentangle itself from the Middle East, the many conflicts between its regional allies are intensifying, writes CFR’s Steven Cook with Jacob Stokes and Alexander Brock. As the Saudis, Emiratis, Qataris, Turks, and Egyptians engage in proxy wars and instigate conflict among themselves, they threaten to draw the United States deeper into the complexities of the region.

See more in Middle East and North Africa; United States; Conflict Assessment


Public Executions

Author: Julia E. Sweig
Folha de Sao Paulo

Following the beheading of two prisoners at a jail in Cascavel, Brazil, Julia Sweig shares her thoughts on a recent wave of public violence, including Ferguson, James Foley and Brazil's prison system.

See more in Latin America and the Caribbean; Human Rights


Can Iraq Save Itself?

Ned Parker interviewed by Bernard Gwertzman

As prime minister, Haider al-Abadi could lead Iraq in a positive direction, but long-term stability in the war-torn country will require political concessions from all factions, explains expert Ned Parker.

See more in Iraq; Democratization


Chaos in Libya

Author: Matthew C. Waxman
Hoover Institution

Ever since an international coalition led by NATO forces helped topple the regime of Muammar al-Qaddafi in 2011, governance there has been in shambles. Recently the fighting among rival militias has escalated dramatically, and there is no political solution on the horizon.

See more in Libya; Democratization

Primary Sources

Department of the Interior Order 3335: Reaffirmation of the Federal Trust Responsibility to Federally Recognized Indian Tribes and Individual Indian Beneficiaries

On August 20, 2014, U.S. Department of the Interior Secretary Jewell issued an order regarding the department's responsibilities toward Native American tribes, including "supporting tribal sovereignty and self-determination; protecting tribal lands and resources; building partnerships; practicing responsiveness and timeliness; and seeking legal advice to ensure compliance with the trust responsibility." Secretarial Order 3335 is part of the Indian Trust Settlement, also known as the Cobell Settlement, which relates toa dispute about use of funds held in trust by the federal government for leasing Indian land for commercial uses.

See more in United States; Ethnicity, Minorities, and National Identity; Treaties and Agreements