Peace, Conflict, and Human Rights


Testing Putin in Syria

Author: Richard N. Haass
Project Syndicate
There has been no shortage of scrutiny of what Russian President Vladimir Putin is up to in Syria and why, writes CFR President Richard N. Haass. Much of the analysis, though, has been narrowly focused on the short term and may be too negative in assessing his actions’ likely long-term consequences.

See more in Syria; Russian Federation; Conflict Assessment

Contingency Planning Memorandum

Crisis Over Ukraine

Author: Steven Pifer

As a 2009 Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) Contingency Planning Memorandum "Crisis Between Ukraine and Russia" argued, a major Ukraine-Russia confrontation has significant implications for the United States. Despite ongoing diplomatic efforts, few aspects of the Minsk II agreement have been implemented and heavy fighting could resume, precipitating an even deeper crisis between Russia and the West. 

See more in Ukraine; Conflict Assessment; Territorial Disputes


Managing Europe’s Perfect Storm

Author: Richard N. Haass
Project Syndicate
 "The Chinese often point out that in their language the character for crisis and opportunity are one and the same," writes CFR President Richard N. Haass. "But, while it is indeed true that crisis and opportunity often go hand in hand, it is difficult to see much opportunity in Europe’s current circumstances."

See more in Europe; Refugees and the Displaced; International Organizations and Alliances

Primary Sources

UN General Assembly: Declaration of Leaders' Summit on Peacekeeping

On September 28, 2015, the UN Peacekeeping Summit met during the UN General Assembly. U.S. President Barack Obama spoke and announced new presidential guidance to expand U.S. support in UN peacekeeping. The summit also affirmed the recommendations of the High Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations from September 11, 2015, which includes addressing sexual abuse of civilians by peacekeeping personnel.

See more in Global; Peacekeeping; United States