Peace, Conflict, and Human Rights

Audio

Sectarian Conflict in the Middle East

Speakers: Ebrahim Moosa and Mona Yacoubian

Ebrahim Moosa, professor of Islamic studies at the University of Notre Dame’s Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, and Mona Yacoubian, deputy assistant administrator for the Middle East at USAID, discuss sectarian conflict in the Middle East at the American Academy of Religion 2014 Annual Meeting, as part of CFR's Religion and Foreign Policy Initiative.

See more in Middle East and North Africa; Religion; Conflict Prevention

News Release

CFR Special Report: Better Governance, Not Force, Most Effective Tool to Fight Nigeria's Boko Haram

The militant Islamist group Boko Haram’s increasingly bold attacks in Nigeria—most notably its April kidnapping of nearly three hundred female students—threaten to fuel further Muslim-Christian violence and destabilize West Africa, making the group a leading concern for U.S. policymakers, writes former U.S. Ambassador to Nigeria John Campbell, CFR senior fellow for Africa policy studies, in a new Council Special Report from the Center for Preventive Action(CPA).

See more in Nigeria; Conflict Prevention

Council Special Report No. 70

U.S. Policy to Counter Nigeria's Boko Haram

Author: John Campbell

John Campbell, Ralph Bunche senior fellow for Africa policy studies, evaluates the implications of the Boko Haram insurgency and recommends that the United States support Nigerian efforts to address the drivers of Boko Haram, such as poverty and corruption, and to foster stronger ties with Nigerian civil society.

See more in Nigeria; Terrorist Organizations and Networks; Radicalization and Extremism

Primary Sources

Proclamation of the International Decade for People of African Descent

The UN published this document on December 23, 2013, and a program of activities followed on November 18, 2014. The International Decade for People of African Descent began January 1, 2015 and ends on December 31, 2024, with the theme "People of African descent: recognition, justice and development." This program builds on the work of the World Conference against Racism and builds upon the UN's other initiatives to acknowledge victims of slavery and the transatlantic slave trade.

See more in Africa (sub-Saharan); Middle East and North Africa; Ethnicity, Minorities, and National Identity; Human Rights

Op-Ed

Dealing with Putin

Authors: Robert D. Blackwill and Dimitri Simes
The National Interest

Ambassador Blackwill and Mr. Simes discuss the stage currently being set for an even more dramatic confrontation between the West and Russia over Ukraine. The authors argue that President Obama must recognize the danger to U.S. national interests that the crisis may create and act accordingly.

 

See more in Ukraine; Russian Federation; Conflict Assessment

Primary Sources

Joint Press Conference by President Obama and Daw Suu

Author: Aung San Suu Kyi

President Obama and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi of Burma met on November 14, 2014, in Daw Suu's home. They answered questions about Burmese elections set to take place in 2015, press freedom, and expectations for democractic transition and rule of law and human rights in the country, particuarly concerning the Rohingya, a Muslim ethnic minority in Myanmar.

See more in Burma/Myanmar; United States; Democratization; Ethnicity, Minorities, and National Identity

Transcript

A Military Perspective on Humanitarian Intervention

Speakers: John P. Abizaid and F.J. “Bing” West
Presider: Kathleen Troia McFarland

John P. Abizaid, retired U.S. Army General, and F.J. "Bing" West, former assistant secretary of defense for international security affairs at the Department of Defense, join Kathleen Troia McFarland, national security analyst at Fox News, to provide insight and on-the-ground perspective on intervention efforts over the past twenty years.

See more in Global; Humanitarian Intervention

Transcript

The Evolution of Humanitarian Intervention, Session 1: The State of Humanitarian Intervention

Speakers: Gary Bass, Ed Luck, and Robert A. Pape
Presider: Nancy E. Soderberg

Experts discuss the evolution of humanitarian intervention at a symposium hosted by the Council on Foreign Relations. The symposium is also cosponsored by the Council's Center for Preventive Action and International Institutions and Global Governance program.

See more in Global; Humanitarian Intervention