Peace, Conflict, and Human Rights

Op-Ed

Why Putin May Stand Down

Author: Fred Kaplan
Slate

Contrary to appearances, the crisis in Ukraine might be on the verge of resolution. The potentially crucial move came today when interim President Oleksandr Turchynov said that he would be open to changing the country's political system from a republic, with power centered in the capital Kiev, to a federation with considerable autonomy for the regional districts.

See more in Russian Federation; Conflict Assessment

Article

The Keys to the Foreign-Policy Kingdom

Author: Micah Zenko
Foreign Policy

In the U.S. foreign policy and national security communities there is a severe underrepresentation of women, as well as minorities, non-Americans, younger analysts and scholars, and others, due in large part to the gatekeepers of institutions and media, argues Micah Zenko. He provides four factors to keep in mind when determining the causes of and identifying solutions to this problem.

See more in Global; Ethnicity, Minorities, and National Identity

Transcript

Despite Growing Opposition, AKP Remains the Dominant Force in Turkish Politics

Speakers: Steven A. Cook, Henri J. Barkey, and Jonathan Tepperman

In the past year, Turkey's prime minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his ruling AKP party have faced mass protests in Istanbul and other major cities, a widely publicized corruption scandal with deep roots in the party leadership, and a backlash over attempts to censor Twitter and other media. Despite these scandals and growing dissatisfaction with his administration, the AKP managed to win a plurality in the most recent municipal elections.

See more in Turkey; Peacekeeping

Audio

Despite Growing Opposition, AKP Remains the Dominant Force in Turkish Politics

Speakers: Steven A. Cook and Henri J. Barkey
Presider: Jonathan Tepperman

In the past year, Turkey's prime minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his ruling AKP party have faced mass protests in Istanbul and other major cities, a widely publicized corruption scandal with deep roots in the party leadership, and a backlash over attempts to censor Twitter and other media. Despite these scandals and growing dissatisfaction with his administration, the AKP managed to win a plurality in the most recent municipal elections.

See more in Turkey; Peacekeeping

Video

Despite Growing Opposition, AKP Remains the Dominant Force in Turkish Politics

Speakers: Steven A. Cook and Henri J. Barkey
Presider: Jonathan Tepperman

In the past year, Turkey's prime minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his ruling AKP party have faced mass protests in Istanbul and other major cities, a widely publicized corruption scandal with deep roots in the party leadership, and a backlash over attempts to censor Twitter and other media. Despite these scandals and growing dissatisfaction with his administration, the AKP managed to win a plurality in the most recent municipal elections.

See more in Turkey; Peacekeeping

Must Read

Foreign Policy: ‘They Just Stood Watching’

Author: Colum Lynch

"Darfur's combatants, particularly the Sudanese government, have effectively neutered the U.N. peacekeeping mission, undermining its capacity to fulfill its primary duty to protect nearly 2 million civilians displaced by Sudan's genocide. During the past year alone, more than 500,000 terrified men, women, and children have poured into the region's already overcrowded refugee camps."

See more in Sudan; Peace, Conflict, and Human Rights

Testimony

Illicit Fishing and Human Trafficking

Author: Mark P. Lagon

In his testimony before a subcommittee of the House Committee on Natural Resources, Mark P. Lagon argues that illicit fishing worldwide is rife with criminal activities, such as human and drug trafficking. He calls for a strong response from the United States in order to lessen its impact on disadvantaged and vulnerable people, global commerce, and the environment.

See more in Global; Human Trafficking

Primary Sources

Report on Progress toward Security and Stability in Afghanistan

The foreward of this U.S. Department of Defense document states, "This report to Congress is submitted consistent with Section 1230 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181). It includes a description of the comprehensive strategy of the United States for security and stability in Afghanistan. This report is the first in a series of reports required every 180 days through fiscal year 2010." See also the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR) Quarterly Report to Congress.

See more in Afghanistan; Nation Building

Primary Sources

President Obama's Remarks on Europe

President Barack Obama spoke at the Palais Des Beaux Arts in Brussels on March 26, 2014. He spoke about the history of formation of democracies in Europe and the importance of maintaining European regional security and the sovereignty of individual countries. President Obama argued for the United States and other countries to support Ukraine and to isolate the Russian government after Russia's annexation of Crimea.

See more in Europe; Russian Federation; Democratization; International Law

Ask CFR Experts

How critical is Hamas to the success of an Israeli-Palestinian peace treaty?

Asked by Yijia Liang, from Upper Arlington High School
Author: Robert M. Danin

Hamas, which refuses to recognize Israel in any form, opposes the negotiations taking place between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and believes that Israel should not exist. Its control of Gaza, constituting roughly 40 percent of the population (overall 4.4 million) slated to be part of a Palestinian state, would pose a major impediment to the success of any Israeli-Palestinian peace treaty. The current reality—a divided Palestinian polity with Gaza under Hamas' rule and the West Bank under PLO rule—is a formidable challenge to the viability of any peace agreement signed between Israelis and Palestinians. For instance, in the event the PLO and Israel reached an agreement, with Gaza under Hamas, how would the PLO take control and create a unified Palestinian state consisting of both Gaza and the West Bank?

Read full answer

See more in Middle East and North Africa; Peace, Conflict, and Human Rights