Politics and Strategy
Democratic revolutionaries always confront the same problem: how to replace the old order without replicating its flaws. A new biography of the French revolutionary Maximilien Robespierre's reveals that today's radicals might learn from Robespierre's failure to resolve that dilemma.
See more in Political Movements and Protests; History and Theory of International Relations; France
Iraq is hardly the failed state that Ned Parker portrayed in these pages, argues Antony Blinken, the U.S. vice president's national security adviser. Norman Ricklefs sees Iraq's politics becoming more moderate and less sectarian. Parker replies that despite these improvements, Baghdad still violates human rights and ignores the rule of law.
See more in Iraq; Politics and Strategy; Rule of Law
Shannon K. O'Neil discusses how a stronger democracy will help check the return of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) in Mexico.
See more in Mexico; Political Movements and Protests; Democratization; Latin America and the Caribbean
In 64 BC, the great Roman lawyer and orator Marcus Tullius Cicero ran for consul. His younger brother, Quintus, wrote a detailed strategy memo laying out just what Marcus needed to do to win. It's the best guide to electioneering you'll ever read, presented here with a commentary by the legendary political consultant James Carville.
See more in Elections; United States
Judged by the standard of protecting U.S. interests, things have worked out quite well for the Obama administration; judged by the standard of midwifing a new global order, they remain a work in progress.
See more in History and Theory of International Relations; United States
A pair of books by Charles Mann describe life in the Americas before and after Columbus linked the hemispheres and kicked off the first era of globalization. It turns out that the New World was far more technologically advanced than subsequent generations have realized, with plenty to teach the Old -- especially about how to simultaneously exploit and preserve key natural resources.
See more in Latin America and the Caribbean; History and Theory of International Relations
Running down the list of the U.S. State Department's Latin America policy objectives in El País in September 2010, the economist Moisés Naím noted that they focused almost exclusively on domestic concerns.
See more in Latin America and the Caribbean; United States; Politics and Strategy
On January 19, 2011, U.S. President Barack Obama and Chinese President Hu Jintao issued a joint statement at the end of Hu's visit to Washington.
See more in China; United States; Diplomacy and Statecraft
After Lyndon Johnson's victory over Barry Goldwater in the 1964 U.S. presidential election, the once-mighty Republican Party was reduced to a regional rump.
See more in Congresses, Parliaments, National Legislatures; United States
Francis Fukuyama shot to fame with a 1989 essay called "The End of History?" which he expanded into a 1992 book, The End of History and the Last Man. His thesis was a reworking of the "end of ideology" argument propounded in the 1950s by Daniel Bell and others, with an even more emphatic twist.
See more in Wars and Warfare; History and Theory of International Relations; Global
Throughout 2011, a rhythmic chant echoed across the Arab lands: "The people want to topple the regime."
See more in Political Movements and Protests; Middle East and North Africa
James M. Lindsay discusses the political calculations behind President Obama's State of the Union address.
See more in United States; Presidents and Chiefs of State; Elections
Today's troubles are real, but not ideological: they relate more to policies than to principles. The postwar order of mutually supporting liberal democracies with mixed economies solved the central challenge of modernity, reconciling democracy and capitalism. The task now is getting the system back into shape.
See more in North America; Global; Politics and Strategy; History and Theory of International Relations
Stagnating wages and growing inequality will soon threaten the stability of contemporary liberal democracies and dethrone democratic ideology as it is now understood. What is needed is a new populist ideology that offers a realistic path to healthy middle-class societies and robust democracies.
See more in North America; Financial Regulation; Politics and Strategy; Global
A pair of recent articles in this magazine highlighted two sides of Israel's current dilemma: the country does need to end the occupation, but Israelis also remain deeply skeptical of Palestinian intentions, and with good reason. Only one thing will break the paralysis of the Israeli center: if the Palestinians accept Israel's basic legitimacy.
See more in Israel; Politics and Strategy
Mohamad Bazzi says that unfortunately for him and for Libya, Muammar al-Qaddafi betrayed his own revolution, just as the other Arab strongmen of his generation had. His death marks the end of the rule of these old-style nationalist leaders.
See more in Libya; Political Movements and Protests
The United States can no longer afford a world-spanning foreign policy.
See more in Congresses, Parliaments, National Legislatures
China is hardly the first great power to make authoritarian development look attractive. As Jonathan Steinberg's new biography of Bismarck shows, Wilhelmine Germany did it with ease.
See more in Germany; History and Theory of International Relations
It's tempting to see the 9/11 attacks as having fundamentally changed U.S. foreign policy. It's also wrong.
See more in Grand Strategy; United States; 9/11 Impact
Japan is undergoing profound changes that are empowering its political leadership at the expense of its bureaucracy.
See more in Japan; Politics and Strategy