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Kyoto Protocol

The Kyoto Protocol sets environmental goals and obligations for its signatories to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide and five other greenhouse gases. Russia signed the Kyoto Protocol in 1999, but there was some debate over its stipulations and it did not ratify the protocol until September 2004.

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Clean Air Act

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency states: "The Clean Air Act of 1963 was the first federal legislation regarding air pollution control. It established a federal program within the U.S. Public Health Service and authorized research into techniques for monitoring and controlling air pollution."

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Montreal Protocol

Following the discovery of the Antarctic ozone hole in late 1985, governments recognized the need for stronger measures to reduce the production and consumption of a number of CFCs and several Halons. The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer was adopted onSeptember 16, 1987, at the Headquarters of the International Civil Aviation Organization in Montreal.

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