This report examines the economics of illegal immigration and finds that the fiscal benefits of illegal immigration offset its costs. Further, the report finds that the flexibility provided by the illegal immigration system that benefits the U.S. economy cannot be provided by the legal immigration system.
The Democratic-led Congress and President Bush share rare common ground on immigration reform but will have to overcome concerns over an amnesty for illegal immigrants, says CFR Senior Fellow Edward Alden.
Former Rep. Lee Hamilton (D-IN) and former Sen. Spencer Abraham (R-MI) cochaired a year-long task force aimed at tackling the nation's immigration challenges. They discuss the task force's recommendations and how the Council on Foreign Relations might build on them as Congress again debates the immigration challenge.
The only concrete measures produced by a yearlong congressional debate on immigration reform have involved border security. But a broader discussion looms on immigration and its role in U.S. economy and culture.
Tamar Jacoby, author of the November/December 2006 Foreign Affairs article, “Immigration Nation,” discusses immigration and U.S. foreign policy with members of the press. Jacoby suggests that the best way to regain control of the influx of immigrants coming into the country “is not to crackdown but to liberalize.”
This report from the US Government Accountability Office (GAO) discusses the security implications of the US Visa Waiver Program. In 2004 the Department of Homeland Security established a unit to oversee the program and conduct reviews. The GAO identifies problems with the 2004 review process, as key stakeholders were not consulted during portions of the process, the review process lacked clear criteria and guidance to make key judgments, and the final reports were untimely. It also says the monitoring unit cannot effectively achieve its mission to monitor and report on ongoing law enforcement and security concerns in visa waiver countries due to insufficient resources.
Congressman Thomas Tancredo, a four-term Colorado Republican who chairs the 104-member House Immigration Reform Caucus, believes that tough immigration reform is essential to preserve the country's identity.
After a burst of momentum earlier this year, immigration reform is stalled in the U.S. Congress, with both chambers sharply divided over how to treat illegal immigrants. Major action is unlikely until voters make their views known in November.
Canada has a comparatively open immigration policy designed to attract a group of diverse, educated professionals. But recent arrests linked to a terror cell have raised questions about integration of Muslims and lax policy.
The Council on Foreign Relations' David Rockefeller Studies Program—CFR's "think tank"—is home to more than seventy full-time, adjunct, and visiting scholars and practitioners (called "fellows"). Their expertise covers the world's major regions as well as the critical issues shaping today's global agenda. Download the printable CFR Experts Guide.