Refugee policy has not kept pace with new realities in international and humanitarian affairs. Recent policy failures have resulted in instability, terrible hardships, and massive losses of life. In this seminal book, Senior Fellow Arthur Helton systematically analyzes refugee policy responses over the past decade and calls for specific reforms to make policy more proactive and comprehensive.
This timely book offers a blueprint for resolving what is often called the most intractable--if not taboo--subject in the Arab-Israeli peace negotiations: a just and permanent solution to the problem of over 3 million Palestinian refugees.
The Cartagena Declaration on Refugees was adopted by the Colloquium on the International Protection of Refugees in Central America, Mexico, and Panama on November 22, 1984. The declaration is a non-binding agreement but has been incorporated in refugee law in various countries.
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) states,
"Grounded in Article 14 of the Universal Declaration of human rights 1948, which recognizes the right of persons to seek asylum from persecution in other countries, the United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, adopted in 1951, is the centrepiece of international refugee protection today. The Convention entered into force on 22 April 1954, and it has been subject to only one amendment in the form of a 1967 Protocol, which removed the geographic and temporal limits of the 1951 Convention. The 1951 Convention, as a post-Second World War instrument, was originally limited in scope to persons fleeing events occurring before 1 January 1951 and within Europe. The 1967 Protocol removed these limitations and thus gave the Convention universal coverage. It has since been supplemented by refugee and subsidiary protection regimes in several regions, as well as via the progressive development of international human rights law."
Panelist: Safaa El-Kogali Panelist: Angelina Jolie Panelist: George E. Rupp Presider: Gene B. Sperling
Due to war and sectarian violence, many Iraqis have fled their homes and are now living as refugees in neighboring countries or as internally displaced persons in Iraq. Children make up about half of the four million people uprooted from their homes, and there is no doubt that their education is falling through the cracks. The World Bank's Safaa El-Kogali, who recently met with the Iraqi Minister of Education, the Director General of Planning, and other senior officials, is working with the government on capacity-building initiatives to meet the needs of internally displaced children. George Rupp, President of the International Rescue Committee, recently returned from a trip to the region, where he met with top government officials from Syria, Jordan, Iraq, and the United States, as well as with Iraqi refugees in Syria and Jordan. Angelina Jolie traveled to Iraq in February to learn more about the situation of displaced children and to raise awareness about their humanitarian needs.
Speaker: Jeffrey Crisp Speaker: Rochelle Davis Presider: Andrew Parasiliti
Jeffrey Crisp, senior director for policy and advocacy at Refugees International, and Rochelle Davis, associate professor of cultural anthropology at Georgetown University, join the RAND Corporation's Andrew Parasiliti to discuss the long-term welfare of Syrian refugees and the burden on host countries.