Refugees and the Displaced


Refugees into Citizens

Author: Donna E. Arzt

This timely book offers a blueprint for resolving what is often called the most intractable--if not taboo--subject in the Arab-Israeli peace negotiations: a just and permanent solution to the problem of over 3 million Palestinian refugees.

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Primary Sources

Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees

The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) states,

"Grounded in Article 14 of the Universal Declaration of human rights 1948, which recognizes the right of persons to seek asylum from persecution in other countries, the United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, adopted in 1951, is the centrepiece of international refugee protection today. The Convention entered into force on 22 April 1954, and it has been subject to only one amendment in the form of a 1967 Protocol, which removed the geographic and temporal limits of the 1951 Convention. The 1951 Convention, as a post-Second World War instrument, was originally limited in scope to persons fleeing events occurring before 1 January 1951 and within Europe. The 1967 Protocol removed these limitations and thus gave the Convention universal coverage. It has since been supplemented by refugee and subsidiary protection regimes in several regions, as well as via the progressive development of international human rights law."

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Assessing the Syrian Refugee Crisis

Since the conflict in Syria began in 2011, over three million people have fled Syria, an increase of one million in the last year alone, and over four million people are projected to be refugees in the region by the end of 2014. Please join Jeffrey Crisp and Rochelle Davis to discuss the long-term welfare of refugees, the burden on host countries, and the effect on instability in the Middle East as the refugee outflow continues to escalate.

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Education for Children of Conflict Roundtable Series: Iraq, Education, and Children of Conflict

Due to war and sectarian violence, many Iraqis have fled their homes and are now living as refugees in neighboring countries or as internally displaced persons in Iraq. Children make up about half of the four million people uprooted from their homes, and there is no doubt that their education is falling through the cracks. The World Bank's Safaa El-Kogali, who recently met with the Iraqi Minister of Education, the Director General of Planning, and other senior officials, is working with the government on capacity-building initiatives to meet the needs of internally displaced children. George Rupp, President of the International Rescue Committee, recently returned from a trip to the region, where he met with top government officials from Syria, Jordan, Iraq, and the United States, as well as with Iraqi refugees in Syria and Jordan. Angelina Jolie traveled to Iraq in February to learn more about the situation of displaced children and to raise awareness about their humanitarian needs.

Transcript: Iraq, Education, and Children of Conflict

Video Highlights: Iraq, Education, and Children of Conflict

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Arthur C. Helton Memorial Lecture with UN High Commissioner for Refugees António GuterresCurrent Challenges of Forced Displacement

Arthur C. Helton was director of peace and conflict studies and senior fellow for refugee studies and preventive action at the Council on Foreign Relations. Arthur's family and CFR established the Arthur C. Helton Memorial Lecture after he was tragically killed in the 2003 bombing of the UN heaquarters in Baghdad. Speakers address pressing issues in the broad field of human rights and humanitarian concerns at this annual CFR event.

Related readings:
Protocol to the UN Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees

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