The governments of the Member States of ASEAN and the Government of the People's Republic of China signed a code of conduct on November 4, 2002, regarding cooperation in the South China Sea, in accordance with the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea.
The Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA) was proposed in 1992 by the president of Kazakhstan as an organization to promote trust, peace, conflict resolution, and repect for sovereignty between Asian states. Foreign affairs ministers signed a declaration of principles on September 14, 1999 in Almaty, Kazakhstan. CICA's charter (the Almaty Act) was adopted on June 4, 2002.
In June 2002, China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan signed the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Charter, to resolve border disputes and cooperate on other security issues.
This act, adopted at the Lome Summit (Togo), established the African Union on July 11, 2000, and entered into force in 2001.
The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe produced this charter in Istanbul, Turkey on November 19, 1999.
The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) website states, "On 1 August 1975, with the process of détente gradually thawing the chill that the Cold War had cast over international relations, the Heads of State or Government of 35 nations gathered in Helsinki to sign the Final Act of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe (CSCE)."
The Helsinki Accords (also known as the Helsinki Declaration) was the concluding document of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe in Helsinki, Finland, and is dated August 1, 1975. The United States, Canada, and the majority of European states signed the accords.
Winston Churchill delivered this speech at the University of Zurich on September 19, 1946. He called on European countries, including Germany, to form a regional organization for security and cooperation on the continent.
In his testimony before the Senate Committee on Armed Services, Stephen Sestanovich argues that Russian President Vladimir Putin could grow more dangerous—both for his neighbors and for the United States.
In his testimony before the House Foreign Affairs Committee, Ray Takeyh argues that in order to successfully combat Iran's destabilizing influence in the Middle East, the United States must be an active player in Syria and Iraq and undertake a more systematic effort to contest all of Iran's regional assets.
In her testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Sheila A. Smith discusses the strategic importance of the United States' relationship with Japan and South Korea and how President Barack Obama can promote the importance of both bilateral and trilateral relations.
In her testimony before the Senate Subcommmittee on Western Hemisphere and Global Narcotics Affairs, Shannon K. O'Neil discusses the United States' bilateral security relationship with Mexico and argues that a strong and safe Mexico will have positive benefits for the United States, while a dangerous Mexico will have repercussions far beyond the southern U.S. border.
Captain Stacy A. Pedrozo testifies before the House of Representatives U.S.-China Economic & Security Review Commission on China's active defense strategy and its regional impact.
The Council on Foreign Relations holds a teleconference on U.S. airstrikes against ISIS in Syria with CFR senior fellows Max Boot, Janine Davidson, and Foreign Affairs Managing Editor Jonathan Tepperman.
Knopf argues that the only remaining path for South Sudan is for an international transitional administration to run the country for a finite period.
The U.S. relationship with Israel is in trouble. Blackwill and Gordon offer six core policy proposals to repair, redefine, and invigorate the partnership.
To ensure the success of Myanmar's historic democratic transition, the United States should revise its outdated and counterproductive sanctions policy.
The definitive account of the secret war in Laos, which forever changed the CIA from a relatively small spying agency into an organization with vast paramilitary powers. More
CFR President Haass argues for an updated global operating system to address challenges from terrorism to climate change. More
Alden provides an enlightening history of the last four decades of U.S. trade policies and a blueprint for how to keep the United States competitive in a globalized economy. More
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2016 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass.
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