South Korea has emerged as a major contributor to international security, participating in a wide range of activities far from the Korean peninsula. CFR scholars outline several steps that will ensure that South Korea can sustain this broadened role.
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As the leaders of eighteen countries gather in Bali, Indonesia, this week for the East Asia Summit, Korea University professor Lee Shin-wha argues that there is a deep disconnect between East Asian summitry and Northeast Asian security needs that is likely to remain.
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As Africa's strategic importance grows, the African Union is poised to be a U.S. partner on the continent. The AU, however, must take concrete steps to develop its conflict-management capabilities—an area in which the United States can play a critical role.
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For several years, high oil prices enabled the Gulf Cooperation Council countries to add large sums to their state coffers. Falling oil prices imply that some Gulf countries may need to draw on their depleted funds to cover their import bills. In this Center for Geoeconomic Studies Working Paper, Brad W. Setser and Rachel Ziemba examine the impact of the fall in global equities on the Gulf’s large funds and explore how various oil price scenarios could shape those funds’ future growth.
See more in Regional Security; Middle East and North Africa; Sovereign Wealth Funds
The United States spends approximately $700 million per year in the Andean region, but this Commission report concludes that current U.S. policy--focused narrowly on "drugs and thugs" in the Andes--cannot achieve U.S. regional goals of democracy, prosperity, and security. Andes 2020 offers bold new recommendations to recalibrate U.S. policy to better meet its objectives.
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Maureen Meyer, associate for Mexico and Central America at the Washington Office on Latin America, discusses the violent run-up to Guatemala's September 8 elections and public security issues in Central America.
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Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu spoke to the U.S. Congress on March 3, 2015, to address Israel's concerns about U.S. negotiations with Iran on its nuclear program. Prime Minister Netanyahu also gave remarks to the U.S. Congress in 2011.
See more in Israel; Iran; Proliferation; Regional Security
Cuban President Raul Castro Ruz spoke at the Third Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (Spanish: Comunidad de Estados Latinoamericanos y Caribeños, or CELAC) Summit on January 28, 2015. He discussed how CELAC countries have supported each other through economic, security, and political agreements. President Castro also laid out the conditions he wants as Cuba and the United States reestablish diplomatic relations.
See more in Cuba; Sanctions; United States; Regional Security
On January 11, 2015, the EU released a preview and fact sheet of the European Agenda on Security, "Fighting terrorism at EU level, an overview of Commission's actions, measures and initiatives," which will be adopted in early 2015 and provide the focus for security priorities during 2015-2020. Most of the strategy will concetrate on counterterrorism efforts. Additional EU security strategies were released in 2003 and in 2010.
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Kazakh Foreign Minister Erlan Idrissov spoke on October 6, 2014, at an event on "CICA Day." Minister Idrissov supported the idea the "new Asian Security Concept" (proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping at the Fourth CICA Summit) and described how CICA will implement its Confidence Building Measures.
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U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry spoke at the thirtieth anniversary fo the U.S.-ASEAN Business Council. He discussed the U.S. rebalance to Asia, the State Department's economic efforts, and the Trans-Pacific Partnership.
See more in Asia and Pacific; United States; Regional Security; Business and Foreign Policy
On August 5, 2014, Japan's Ministry of Defense released its annual white paper. The report discusses territorial disputes, including China's establishment of an air defense identification zone, and President Abe's interpretation of the Constituation, to build up the military for collective self-defense.
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Chinese Lieutenant General of the People's Liberation Army Wang Guanzhong spoke at the Shangri-La Dialogue (Asia Security Summit) in Singapore on June 1, 2014. He outlined China's regional defense plans and responded to Japanese Prime Minister Abe's and U.S. Secretary of Defense Hagel's remarks about China's policies and actions in the region.
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U.S. Secretary of Defense Chuch Hagel spoke at the Shangri-La Dialogue (Asia Security Summit) in Singapore on May 31, 2014. He discussed resolving maritime disputes, building up regional architecture, and strengthening the U.S. military's partnerships with other defense forces. The conference is organized by International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS).
See more in Asia and Pacific; Regional Security; Defense Strategy
Chinese President Xi Jinping gave the keynote speech on May 21, 2014, at the Fourth Summit of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA). President Xi described his idea for a new Asian Security Concept, stating "it is for the people of Asia to run the affairs of Asia." On October 6, 2014, Kazakh Foreign Minister Erlan Idrissov described how CICA can implement security confidence building measures.
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Japanese Prime Minster Shinzo Abe gave the keynote address to the Shangri-La Dialogue (Asia Security Summit) in Singapore on May 30, 2014. He spoke about resolving maritime disputes in the South and East China Seas, strengthening ASEAN and international defense forces, and making military budgets transparent. The conference is organized by International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS).
See more in Asia and Pacific; Regional Security; Rule of Law
Secretary Chuck Hagel traveled to China and Japan as part of the Obama administration's rebalance to the Asia Pacific region. On April 8, 2014, he spoke at the PLA's National Defense University about military-to-military relations and took questions about the U.S. stance on East China Sea and South China Sea disputes, the status of Taiwan, and the rapid economic development in China.
See more in China; United States; Regional Security; Grand Strategy
On March 4, 2014, Russian President Vladmir Putin answered reporters' questions on the protests and the change in government in Ukraine and Russian financial and military aid.
See more in Russian Federation; Ukraine; Regional Security; Regime Changes
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe spoke at the World Economic Forum on January 22, 2014. In his speech, "Reshaping of the World: Vision from Japan," he discussed his economic policy, often called "Abenomics," and reform of the monetary and fiscal policies regarding markets and trade agreements.
See more in Japan; Competitiveness; Regional Security
The Asahi Shimbun, a Japanese newspaper, conducted a written interview with Vice President Joe Biden on December 2, 2013, before the vice president's trip to China, Japan, and South Korea. The interview covers China's announcement of its Air Defense Identification Zone, the Trans-Pacific Partnership, defense and cybersecurity alliances, and the Obama administration's "pivot to Asia."
See more in Asia and Pacific; United States; Grand Strategy; Regional Security