Political Movements and Protests

Primary Sources

United States v. Bradley Manning, Army Court Decision

On July 30, 2013, Judge Denise Lind, an army colonel, ruled in the United States v. Private First Class Bradley Manning trial that Manning is not guilty of aiding the enemy, but guilty on other counts of violating the espionage act. Manning released secret diplomatic cables and classified military reports from the Iraq and Afghanistan wars to Wikileaks.

See more in United States; Intelligence; Political Movements and Protests

Must Read

Reuters: How the Muslim Brotherhood Lost Egypt

Authors: Edmund Blair, Paul Taylor, and Tom Perry

"Egypt's Islamists may draw the bitter lesson that the "deep state" will not let them wield real power, even with a democratic mandate. This report, compiled from interviews with senior Muslim Brotherhood and secular politicians, youth activists, military officers and diplomats, examines four turning points on Egypt's revolutionary road: the Brotherhood's decision to seek the presidency; the way Mursi pushed through the constitution; the failures of the secular opposition; and the military's decision to step in."

See more in Egypt; Political Movements and Protests