The Treaty on Prevention of the Placement of Weapons in Outer Space and of the Threat or Use of Force Against Outer Space Objects (PPWT) was first proposed by China and Russia in February 2008 as an international legally binding treaty that would outlaw the weaponization of space.
The draft Code of Conduct for Outer Space Activities was published by the EU in 2008 with a revised draft released in September 2010. Among its concerns, the draft takes "into account that space debris constitutes a threat to outer space activities and potentially limits the effective deployment and exploitation of associated space capabilities" and strives for "the formation of a set of best practices aimed at ensuring security in outer space could become a useful complement to international space law".
As countries around the world increasingly rely on space, orbital space debris poses a rapidly growing threat to civil, military, and commercial satellites. Micah Zenko argues for an international code to define interstate behavior and promote sustainable conduct in outer space.
Micah Zenko says orbital space debris is a growing threat to civil, military, and commercial satellites in space, and mitigating the threat it poses to these satellites and spacecraft will require enhanced international cooperation.
Each year, the Council invites members to bring their guests of high school-age and older to a special "Daughters and Sons" meeting. These events feature topics and speakers with cross-generational appeal. This spring, as NASA prepares to retire its space shuttle program, join NASA Administrator Charles F. Bolden, Jr., for a discussion of the intersection of space, technology, and U.S. foreign policy.
Bruce W. MacDonald, author of the Council Special Report China, Space Weapons, and U.S. Security testifies before the Subcommittee on Strategic Forces and focuses on three questions: 1) Does U.S. overall space policy advance space security? 2) Does the United States invest resources so as to best protect and defend space assets? 3) What role can diplomacy play in advancing space security?
The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists discusses the growing threat of rampant proliferation of space weapons technology and highlights the need for international discussions on the potential ramifications of another space race.
Speaker: Bruce W. MacDonald Introductory Speaker: Charles D. Ferguson Presider: Thomas Behling
Listen to Bruce Walter MacDonald, senior director, Congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the United States, discuss China's space, counterspace, and satellite programs and their implications for U.S.-China relations.
In this report, Bruce W. MacDonald illuminates the strategic landscape of military space competition between the United States and China and highlights the dangers and opportunities the United States confronts in space.
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2016 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass. Read and download »