Policy Innovation Memorandum

A Code of Conduct for Outer Space

Author: Micah Zenko

As countries around the world increasingly rely on space, orbital space debris poses a rapidly growing threat to civil, military, and commercial satellites. Micah Zenko argues for an international code to define interstate behavior and promote sustainable conduct in outer space.

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The Danger of Space Debris

Author: Micah Zenko

Micah Zenko says orbital space debris is a growing threat to civil, military, and commercial satellites in space, and mitigating the threat it poses to these satellites and spacecraft will require enhanced international cooperation.

See more in Space; Global

Must Read

Grounding an American Dream

Author: Keith Perine

NASA's human spaceflight ventures may be fading away due to continued underfunding, despite perennial efforts by some members of Congress and the science community, reports Keith Perine.

See more in United States; Space


A Conversation with Charles F. Bolden, Jr., NASA Administrator

Speaker: Charles F. Bolden, Jr.
Presider: Ralph J. Cicerone

Each year, the Council invites members to bring their guests of high school-age and older to a special "Daughters and Sons" meeting. These events feature topics and speakers with cross-generational appeal. This spring, as NASA prepares to retire its space shuttle program, join NASA Administrator Charles F. Bolden, Jr., for a discussion of the intersection of space, technology, and U.S. foreign policy.

See more in Education; United States; Space


Space Security

Author: Bruce W. MacDonald

Bruce W. MacDonald, author of the Council Special Report China, Space Weapons, and U.S. Security testifies before the Subcommittee on Strategic Forces and focuses on three questions: 1) Does U.S. overall space policy advance space security? 2) Does the United States invest resources so as to best protect and defend space assets? 3) What role can diplomacy play in advancing space security?

See more in Technology and Foreign Policy; Space; China


China, Space Weapons, and U.S. Security (Audio)

Speaker: Bruce W. MacDonald
Introductory Speaker: Charles D. Ferguson
Presider: Thomas Behling

Listen to Bruce Walter MacDonald, senior director, Congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the United States, discuss China's space, counterspace, and satellite programs and their implications for U.S.-China relations.

See more in Space; China; Defense Strategy


Taking Friendly Fire to New Heights

Authors: Charles D. Ferguson and Bruce W. MacDonald
Los Angeles Times

Charles D. Ferguson and Bruce W. MacDonald argue that by demonstrating its anti-satellite capability, the U.S. “was stepping briefly across a dangerous threshold, undercutting American and international criticism of China and threatening an arms race in space.”

See more in United States; China; Space