William C. Martel and Toshi Yoshihara explain that "The United States and China are on the threshold of a space race that could radically influence international security." Nevertheless, it is in both countries' interest to cooperate, rather than compete in outer space.
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Throughout the past decade, space has become increasingly important to all aspects of American life. The information revolution now transforming both private activity and global commerce depends to a very large extent on communication, remote sensing, and navigation satellites. Likewise, space has become vitally important to the American military. During the 1991 Gulf War, the victorious coalition forces relied heavily upon the “high ground” of space to support land, sea, and air operations. We can expect the same to continue in future conflicts.
In this monograph, Military Fellow Colonel Frank Klotz provides a timely and thorough analysis of the emerging debate. With an eye to recent developments and potential future competition regarding the Earth’s orbit, Klotz provides a compelling argument for sustaining U.S. pre-eminence in space in order to promote and protect growing American interests there.
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United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution XXI, "The Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies" ("the Outer Space Treaty") on December 19, 1966, an it entered into force on October 10, 1967. It provides a framework for the international regulation of space activities.
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