Technology and Science

Primary Sources

U.S. Conventional Arms Transfer Policy

In 1977, President Jimmy Carter released a policy for setting controls on transferring U.S. arms, except for countries with whom the United States had defense treaties. The policy requires an evaluation of a country's human rights record and the economic impact such transfers would have on countries receiving U.S. economic assistance. In February 1995, President Bill Clinton approved a classified policy which included restraints for arms transfers that may be destabilize or threaten to regional peace and security. In January 2014, President Barack Obama updated the policy again with Presidential Policy Directive 27 (PPD-27), to state more clearly the criteria for arms transfer decisions and the transfer of technical data and related services.

See more in United States; Arms Industries and Trade; Technology Transfer


Data Protection and Privacy in the United States and the European Union: A Conversation with Julie Brill

Speaker: Julie Brill
Presider: Karen Kornbluh
Commissioner Julie Brill discusses U.S. and EU efforts to enhance consumer privacy and develop globally interoperable solutions in the digital marketplace, as well as her innovative proposals for updating Internet privacy policy and rebuilding the transatlantic consensus on privacy, at this meeting of the Roundtable Series on Digital Privacy.

See more in Europe; Digital Infrastructure

Must Read

NYT: Samsung: Uneasy in the Lead

Authors: Eric Pfanner and Brian X. Chen

"Samsung's sales are equal to about one-quarter of South Korea's economic output. Samsung Electronics, the flagship, posted $190 billion in sales last year—about the same sales as Microsoft, Google, Amazon and Facebook combined."

See more in South Korea; Technology and Science


Give People Choices, Not Edicts

Authors: Peter R. Orszag and Cass R. Sunstein

Peter Orszag and Cass Sunstein write that governments should use "nudges"—policies that harness economics and psychology to encourage certain behaviors—to deliver major benefits without imposing big costs on the public or private sector.

See more in United States; Tax Policy; Technology and Science

Backgrounder Author: Steven J. Markovich

U.S. space exploration inspired a generation of students and innovators, but NASA's role has diminished, and the number of global space competitors is growing. This Backgrounder explores U.S. competitiveness in space.

See more in United States; Space

Foreign Affairs Article

How to Copy Right

Authors: Steven Tepp, Kal Raustiala, and Christopher Sprigman

In their essay "Fake It Till You Make It" (July/August 2013), Kal Raustiala and Christopher Sprigman urged the United States to "relax" when it comes to the flagrant disregard for intellectual property laws in China.

See more in China; Internet Policy