In July 2012, the European Union requested that the European Commission study the future of RPAS in Europe and how to integrate civil and commerical remotely-piloted aircraft systems (RPAS, a type of unmanned aircraft system, also called drones) into the European Aviation System. This document outlines the benefits for consumers and recommends the regulatory actions needed to expand use of drone technology beyond military uses.
In 1977, President Jimmy Carter released a policy for setting controls on transferring U.S. arms, except for countries with whom the United States had defense treaties. The policy requires an evaluation of a country's human rights record and the economic impact such transfers would have on countries receiving U.S. economic assistance. In February 1995, President Bill Clinton approved a classified policy which included restraints for arms transfers that may be destabilize or threaten to regional peace and security. In January 2014, President Barack Obama updated the policy again with Presidential Policy Directive 27 (PPD-27), to state more clearly the criteria for arms transfer decisions and the transfer of technical data and related services.
In July 2012, the European Union requested that the European Commission study the future of RPAS in Europe and how to integrate civil and commerical remotely-piloted aircraft systems (RPAS, a type of unmanned aircraft system, also called drones) into the European Aviation System and to prepare regulation for implementation by 2016. The commission released a roadmap in June 2013 and, on April 8, 2014, sent to the EU recommended actions for implementing regulation on civilian drone use. The European Commission also requested a report from independent organizations to study privacy concerns associated with civil use of drones.
Authors: Bruce Greenwald, Jonathan A. Knee, and Ava Seave
Bruce C. Greenwald, Jonathan A. Knee, and Ava Seave say media companies will continue to dissapoint their shareholders until they are able to "jettison the flawed thinking" they've followed over the past two decades.
Ford Motor Company recently announced it will sell its Jaguar and Land Rover divisions to India's Tata Group. In this Wall Street Journal op-ed Matthew Slaughter argues that such foreign direct investment has long been a source of strength for the American economy. American policy makers should strive to make the U.S. a premier location for the dynamic, high-productivity activities of globally engaged companies—both insourcing companies and U.S. multinationals alike.
Tackling climate change will involve fundamental economic restructuring of the world's systems of energy production, of transportation, of manufacturing, of resource extraction and harvesting. The International Institute for Sustainable Development writes a scoping paper for the Trade Ministers' Dialogue on Climate Change.
The Council on Foreign Relations' David Rockefeller Studies Program—CFR's "think tank"—is home to more than seventy full-time, adjunct, and visiting scholars and practitioners (called "fellows"). Their expertise covers the world's major regions as well as the critical issues shaping today's global agenda. Download the printable CFR Experts Guide.
Campbell evaluates the implications of the Boko Haram insurgency and recommends that the United States support Nigerian efforts to address the drivers of Boko Haram, such as poverty and corruption, and to foster stronger ties with Nigerian civil society.
Koblentz argues that the United States should work with other nuclear-armed states to manage threats to nuclear stability in the near term and establish processes for multilateral arms control efforts over the longer term.
The authors argue that it is essential to begin working now to expand and establish rules and norms governing armed drones, thereby creating standards of behavior that other countries will be more likely to follow.
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2014 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass. Read and download »