Terrorist Organizations and Networks

Primary Sources

An Open Letter: The Hizballah Program

Hezbollah was founded in Lebanon in 1982 as a Shiite Muslim political group with a militant wing. On February 16, 1985, Hezbollal published its manifesto,"Nass al-Risala al-Maftuha allati wajahaha Hizballah ila-l-Mustad'afin fi Lubnan wa-l-Alam," which explains the characteristics of its membership and its goals. A slightly abridged translation was provided in the Jerusalem Quarterly in the fall of 1988.

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9/11 Perspectives: Splinters in the Global Islamist Movement

Speaker: Ed Husain

This video is part of a special Council on Foreign Relations series that explores how
9/11 changed international relations and U.S. foreign policy. In this video, Ed Husain, Senior Fellow for Middle Eastern Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, who was previously a member and strategist for radical Islamist organizations in London discusses the impact of the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on Islamist extremism as well as global counter-terrorism efforts. "The most important thing that happened after 9/11," says Husain, "is not just the so-called 'War on Terror', but more importantly, the unspoken and often unheard developments within Islamist extremism globally." Husain argues that "the global Islamist movement then split into two, immediately after 9/11," into global jihadists like al-Qaeda on one side and non-violent extremists on the other.

See more in 9/11 Impact; Terrorist Organizations and Networks; United States