Speakers: The Honorable Carlos Gianelli Derois and Joshua Sharfstein Presider: Thomas J. Bollyky
Ambassador Carlos Gianelli Derois and Dr. Joshua Sharfstein discuss the challenges that governments face in balancing international trade and tobacco control objectives and the increasing number of trade disputes involving tobacco control that have arisen under bilateral investment treaties (BIT) and at the WTO.
This meeting is part of the Global Health, Economics, and Development Roundtable Series, which provides a forum for U.S. policymakers, academics, and other prominent experts to evaluate the most pressing health and development challenges afflicting low- and middle-income countries. The series explores best practices and potential solutions from the field's leading thinkers and serves to educate and engage CFR's influential membership.
Alex M. Brill and James K. Glassman of the National Taxpayers Union argue that the G20 needs clear admission standards to boost the grop's legitimacy. They offer a set of broad criteria for judging admission and assess whether current G20 members meet those standards.
Tyler Cowen points out that America has three things going for it, export-wise: computerization is making manufacturing wages irrelevant; fracking technology is addressing energy issues; and an increasingly wealthy rest of the world can afford to buy American goods.
The U.S. move to launch a case against China at the WTO over its cap on exporting rare earth metals is the latest international effort to hold China accountable to international trade standards, explains CFR's Elizabeth Economy.
Trade accounts for an increasing portion of the U.S. economy, and the Obama administration has embraced a ramped up export strategy. But debate persists over the merits of a vigorous free trade agenda.
Foreign Policy's Clyde Prestowitz writes that the United States shouldn't pretend China is interested in free trade. China's neo-mercantile policies have precedent in Japan, South Korea, Brazil, Germany, and large portions of the rest of the world, he writes--why should China be avoiding the fiscal gray areas that have worked for others?
David Marchick calls for new U.S. government efforts to increase the small share of Chinese direct investment in the United States, including combating perceived prejudices, removing policy impediments, and encouraging U.S. businesses to partner with their Chinese counterparts.
Senator Ron Wyden and Representative Darrell Issa proposed on January 18, 2012, the Online Protection and Enforcement of Digital Trade Act (OPEN) as an alternative for SOPA and PIPA, two Congressional bills related to intellectural property online that opponents said compromised free speech, innovation, access to information online, and the infrastructure of the Internet. In 2013, the House introduced Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act (CISPA).
President Obama's plans for a consolidated trade and commerce department underscores his goal of doubling U.S. exports by the end of 2014, but some question how creatinga larger organization will increase efficiency.
The Council on Foreign Relations' David Rockefeller Studies Program—CFR's "think tank"—is home to more than seventy full-time, adjunct, and visiting scholars and practitioners (called "fellows"). Their expertise covers the world's major regions as well as the critical issues shaping today's global agenda. Download the printable CFR Experts Guide.
Campbell evaluates the implications of the Boko Haram insurgency and recommends that the United States support Nigerian efforts to address the drivers of Boko Haram, such as poverty and corruption, and to foster stronger ties with Nigerian civil society.
Koblentz argues that the United States should work with other nuclear-armed states to manage threats to nuclear stability in the near term and establish processes for multilateral arms control efforts over the longer term.
The authors argue that it is essential to begin working now to expand and establish rules and norms governing armed drones, thereby creating standards of behavior that other countries will be more likely to follow.
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2014 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass. Read and download »