Proliferation

Foreign Affairs Article

The Cuban Missile Crisis at 50

Author: Graham Allison

Fifty years ago, the Cuban missile crisis brought the world to the brink of nuclear disaster. Every president since John F. Kennedy has tried to learn from what happened back then. Today, it can help U.S. policymakers understand what to do -- and what not to do -- about Iran, North Korea, China, and presidential decision-making in general.

See more in Cuba; History and Theory of International Relations; Proliferation

Foreign Affairs Article

The Dangers of a Nuclear Iran

Authors: Eric S. Edelman, Andrew F. Krepinevich Jr., and Evan Braden Montgomery

It is unclear how a nuclear-armed Iran would weigh the costs, benefits, and risks of brinkmanship, meaning that it could be difficult to deter Tehran from attacking the United States' interests or partners in the region.

See more in Proliferation; Iran

Foreign Affairs Article

Nuclear Disorder

Author: Graham Allison

The current global nuclear order is extremely fragile, threatened by North Korea's expanding nuclear weapons program, Iran's nuclear ambitions, and Pakistan's increasing instability.

See more in Proliferation; Global

Foreign Affairs Article

The Long Road to Zero

Author: Charles D. Ferguson

If the Obama administration has any hope of reducing the world's nuclear arsenals, the U.S. government will have to assuage the fears of nonnuclear states, diminish the prestige of nuclear weapons, and address the risk of proliferation posed by civilian nuclear energy programs.

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Foreign Affairs Article

The Long Road to Pyongyang

Author: Michael J. Mazarr

The outcome of the North Korean nuclear saga has been held up as an example of the Bush administration defying its bellicose reputation and using multilateralism and diplomacy to defuse a crisis. But in fact, the story is one of extremely poor policymaking and a persistent failure to devise a coherent strategy -- with the result that North Korea has managed to dramatically expand its nuclear capability.

See more in North Korea; Proliferation

Foreign Affairs Article

Nuclear Insecurity

Author: Wolfgang K.H. Panofsky

The Bush administration has adopted a misguided and dangerous nuclear posture. Instead of recycling antiquated doctrines and building a new generation of warheads, the United States should drastically reduce its nuclear arsenal, strengthen the international nonproliferation regime, and move toward the eventual elimination of nuclear weapons.

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Analysis Brief

The Iran Diplomacy Puzzle

Author: Jayshree Bajoria

Iran says it's ready to negotiate on its contentious nuclear program, but questions abound over Tehran's domestic politics and what confidence-building measures the West and Iran can agree upon.

See more in Iran; Proliferation

Analysis Brief

The Effort to Isolate Iran

Author: Jayshree Bajoria

As Washington ratchets up pressure on Tehran in the wake of an alleged terror plot, focus has shifted to finding new levers for halting Iran's controversial nuclear program and casting it as an international pariah.

See more in Iran; Proliferation

Analysis Brief

Rethinking U.S. Policy Toward Iran

Author: Jayshree Bajoria

A growing power struggle in Tehran adds new concerns for deterring Iran's nuclear ambitions. Analysts' recommendations for the U.S. range from engaging in direct talks to increasing pressure on the regime and trying to erode the regime's popular base.

See more in Iran; Proliferation