Treaties and Agreements

Primary Sources

Treaty of Lisbon

The Treaty of Lisbon amended the EU's two core treaties, the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community. It was signed on December 13, 2007 and entered into force on December 1, 2009.

See more in Treaties and Agreements; EU

Primary Sources

Executive Order 13440: Interpretation of the Geneva Conventions Common Article 3 as Applied to a Program of Detention and Interrogation Operated by the Central Intelligence Agency

Author: George W. Bush

President George Bush gave this order on July 20, 2007, which states that members of terrorist groups such as al-Qaeda and the Taliban "are unlawful enemy combatants who are not entitled to the protections that the Third Geneva Convention provides to prisoners of war." This order was revoked in 2009 by Executive Order 13491, which reaffirms U.S. commitments to international treaties related to the treatment of detainees.

See more in United States; Terrorism and the Law; Treaties and Agreements