Treaties and Agreements

Primary Sources

Treaty of Lisbon

The Treaty of Lisbon amended the EU's two core treaties, the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community. It was signed on December 13, 2007 and entered into force on December 1, 2009.

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Primary Sources

Treaty on Strategic Offensive Reductions (Moscow Treaty)

This treaty between Russia and the United States limits each country's nuclear holdings so that "the aggregate number of ... warheads does not exceed 1,700 to 2,200 for each Party." It replaced the START II treaty, from which Russia withdrew after the United States withdrew from the ABM treaty. The Moscow Treaty was signed by Presidents George W. Bush and Vladimir Putin and was in force June 2003 to February 2011, when it was superceded by the new START treaty signed between Presidents Barack Obama and Putin.

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The Collapse of the Kyoto Protocol and the Struggle to Slow Global Warming

Author: David G. Victor

Most politicians, policymakers, and analysts hailed the Kyoto Protocol as a vital first step toward slowing greenhouse warming. Council Senior Fellow David Victor was not among them. In this clear and cogent book, Victor explains why the Kyoto Protocol is unlikely to enter into force and how its failure will offer the opportunity to establish a more realistic alternative.

See more in Global; Climate Change; Treaties and Agreements