Wars and Warfare

Analysis Brief

After Three Years of War, Concerns Abound

With the anniversary of the war in Iraq approaching, the United States finds itself mired in a conflict rocked by sectarian violence, an unbowed Islamic insurgency, political bickering, and uneasiness at home about the ability of U.S.-led forces to find a way out.

See more in Wars and Warfare; Iraq

Article

The Power to Threaten War

Author: Matthew C. Waxman
Yale Law Journal Online

Matt Waxman shows that congressional influence operates more robustly—and in different ways—than usually supposed in legal debates about war powers to shape strategic decision-making. In turn, these mechanisms of congressional influence can enhance the potency of threatened force.

See more in United States; Wars and Warfare

Article

Political Parties at War: A Study of American War Finance, 1789–2010

Authors: Sarah E. Kreps and Gustavo A. Flores-Macias
The American Political Science Review

Sarah Kreps and Gustavo Flores-Macias study the history of war finance in the United States and show that politics does not stop at the water's edge and that instead, partisan politics is a key determinant for whether the United States has financed wars through taxes or alternatives such as borrowing.

See more in United States; Wars and Warfare; Economics

Article

The Warrior King

Author: Micah Zenko
Foreign Policy

Micah Zenko says, "Most analysts and journalists have focused on President Obama's expanded scope, intensity, and institutionalization of targeted killings against suspected terrorists and militants. However, perhaps the enduring legacy of the Obama administration will be its sustained, rigorous effort to shape and define-down the idea of war."

See more in Presidents and Chiefs of State; Wars and Warfare; United States

Article

The Guerrilla Myth

Author: Max Boot
Wall Street Journal

Unconventional wars are our most pressing national security concern. They're also the most ancient form of war in the world. Max Boot describes the lessons of insurgency we seem unable to learn.

See more in Terrorism; Wars and Warfare; Global

Article

Law and Ethics for Robot Soldiers

Authors: Kenneth Anderson and Matthew C. Waxman
Policy Review

Kenneth Anderson and Matthew C. Waxman say some view automated technology developments as a crisis for the laws of war. But provided we start now to incorporate ethical and legal norms into weapons design, the incremental movement from automation to genuine machine autonomy already underway might well be made to serve the ends of law on the battlefield.

See more in International Law; Wars and Warfare; United States

Article

Testing the Surge: Why Did Violence Decline in Iraq in 2007?

Authors: Stephen D. Biddle, Jeffrey A. Friedman, and Jacob Shapiro
International Security

Examining the decline of violence in Iraq at the end of 2007, Stephen Biddle, Jeffrey A. Friedman, and Jacob Shapiro argue, "A synergistic interaction between the surge and the [Sunni] Awakening was required for violence to drop as quickly and widely as it did: both were necessary; neither was sufficient."

See more in Wars and Warfare; Defense and Security; Iraq; United States