Wars and Warfare

Article

Testing the Surge: Why Did Violence Decline in Iraq in 2007?

Authors: Stephen Biddle, Jeffrey A. Friedman, and Jacob Shapiro
International Security

Examining the decline of violence in Iraq at the end of 2007, Stephen Biddle, Jeffrey A. Friedman, and Jacob Shapiro argue, "A synergistic interaction between the surge and the [Sunni] Awakening was required for violence to drop as quickly and widely as it did: both were necessary; neither was sufficient."

See more in Wars and Warfare; Defense and Security; Iraq; United States

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Darryl G. Behrman Lecture on Africa Policy: A Trip Report: Sudan

Speakers: George Clooney, John Prendergast, Andudu Adam Elnail, and Omer Ismail
Presider: Ann Curry

Following their return from South Sudan with the Enough Project, George Clooney and John Prendergast assess the in-country situation in the year since southern Sudan's independence referendum, with Andudu Adam Elnail, Anglican bishop of Kadugli, Sudan, and Omer Ismail, Darfur activist and senior adviser at the Enough Project.

See more in Sudan; South Sudan; Wars and Warfare