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Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area (Helsinki Convention)

Published January 17, 2000

The United Nations Environment Programme states this convention’s objectives: “to prevent and eliminate pollution in order to promote the ecological restoration of the Baltic Sea and the preservation of its ecological balance; apply the precautionary principle; promote the use of Best Environmental Practice and Best Available Technology; apply the polluter-pays principle; to ensure that measurements and calculations are carried out in a scientifically appropriate manner; and ensure that the implementation of the Convention does not cause transboundary pollution in areas outside the Baltic Sea Area.” It was signed on April 9, 1992 and entered into force on January 17, 2000.