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International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage Protocol

Published November 27, 1992

The International Maritime Organization states, “The Civil Liability Convention was adopted to ensure that adequate compensation is available to persons who suffer oil pollution damage resulting from maritime casualties involving oil-carrying ships.

The Convention places the liability for such damage on the owner of the ship from which the polluting oil escaped or was discharged.”

It was adopted on November 29, 1969 and entered into force on June 19, 1975. The 1969 convention was replaced by the 1992 Protocol, which was then amended in 2000.


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