Primary Sources

PrintPrint EmailEmail ShareShare CiteCite


International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL)

Published October 2, 1983

The International Maritime Organization states, "The MARPOL Convention is the main international convention covering prevention of pollution of the marine environment by ships from operational or accidental causes. It is a combination of two treaties adopted in 1973 and 1978 respectively and updated by amendments through the years." The 1973 MARPOL Convention was signed on November 3, 1973. The 1978 Protocol asorbed the 1973 Convention, which had not yet entered into force. The combined convention, now known as MARPOL, entered into force on October 2, 1983. The link below provides access to the original texts and all amendments.

More on This Topic


Responsibility to Protect?

Author: Micah Zenko

The interventions that U.S. policymakers have proposed to address Syria are based on a "deep misunderstandings of how U.S. force was used on...


The Pretenders

Author: Micah Zenko
Foreign Policy

"The illusory belief of America's ability" to effect foreign events leads to the assumption that "whenever or wherever things go wrong...