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Oil Pollution Compensation Fund Convention

Published December 16, 1978

The International Oil Pollution Compensation Fund states, “Following the Torrey Canyon incident in 1969 off the south coast of England, an international regime was elaborated under the auspices of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) to provide compensation for pollution damage caused by spills from oil tankers. The framework for the regime was originally the 1969 International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (1969 Civil Liability Convention) and the 1971 International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage (1971 Fund Convention).”

The convention was adopted on December 8, 1971 and entered into force on October 16, 1978.

It was replaced by the 1992 Protocol.