Africa Roundtable Series

Director: Gwendolyn Mikell
September 1, 1996 - June 30, 2003

The focus of this series was influenced by the major shift occurring in African governance as the Organization of African Unity is phased out, and Africans sign onto new membership in the African Union. The theme captures the new type of relationships being crafted between the AU and African states, between the AU and the international community, and between the African official leadership and the citizenry as this shift occurs.

African governance has emerged as one of the major topics in the American dialogue about whether developing strong relations with Africa is “in America’s national interest.” The American slogans “Trade, not Aid” and then “African solutions to African Problems,” which characterized some policy discussions in the 1990s, reflected the hesitation that many American policy makers have had towards investing in Africa given the length and fragility of Africa’s political and economic transitions. The African environment, however, is undergoing positive change.

A 2001 World Bank report, examining “Can Africa Claim the 21st Century,” answered yes, if Africa can develop the structures for trade, investment, growth, peace, and security that are needed. Obviously, African countries made significant adjustments as they moved to post-cold war politics focused on state democratization and economic restructuring. Africans themselves have recognized that this was not sufficient for preventing ethnic conflicts and civil war; stemming conflicts over resources between neighboring states; reducing poverty and achieving an equitable distribution of national resources; reducing debt and guaranteeing economic growth and development; or encouraging leadership transitions that reinforce democracy. Given the new understandings of shifts occurring within the global economy, African leaders have challenged themselves to construct patterns of regional and continental governance that will encourage unity and push Africa toward development.

Sessions of this series are designed to examine how it is in America’s long term interests to work with Africa in the changing global environment of the present, focusing on five major challenges under the African governance theme: the African Union (AU) and the New Partnership for African Development (NEPAD); management of strategic resources; leadership and democratic transitions; security, anti-terrorism, and tribunals; global partnerships with the United States, G8, and the United Nations.

Meetings

Meeting

Nigeria Follow-Up Session

Speaker Gwendolyn Mikell
March 24, 2003

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Supporting African Conflict Resolution

Presider Gwendolyn MikellCouncil on Foreign Relations
December 4, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

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New Partnership for Africa's Development

Presider Gwendolyn MikellCouncil on Foreign Relations
November 14, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Prospects for Peace in the Sudan

Presider Robert P. DeVecchi
Speakers Randolph MartinInternational Rescue Committee, John PrendergastInternational Crises Group
April 4, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

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NEPAD and the International Private Sector: An African 'Marshall Plan'?

Presiders Frank Savage, Gwendolyn Mikell
Speaker Cheikh Tidiane GadioForeign Minister of Senegal
March 26, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

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A Discussion of Recent Developments in Somalia

Speaker Yusuf Hassan IbrahimMinister of Foreign Affairs of Somalia
Presider Gwendolyn Mikell
March 19, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Recent Developments in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Presider Gwendolyn Mikell
Speaker Leonard She OkitunduMinister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)
February 19, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

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America's Response to Terrorism: Managing Africa's Oil Revenues in a Changing Global Climate

Presider Gwendolyn Mikell
Panelists Joseph BarnesHouston Chair; Research Fellow, James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy of Rice University, Gwendolyn MikellNew York Chair; Adjunct Senior Fellow, Africa Studies, Council on Foreign Relations
Speakers Donald R. NorlandU.S. Ambassador to Botswana, Lesotho, and Swaziland (1976–79), Malik ChakaProfessional Staff Member, U.S. House Subcommittee on Africa
January 29, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

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America's Response to Terrorism: Fundamentalist Movements in Africa

Presiders Gwendolyn Mikell, Rachel Bronson
Speaker John VollCenter for Muslim/Christian Understanding, Georgetown University
December 5, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

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A Conversation with Jendayi Frazer

Presider Gwendolyn Mikell
Speaker Jendayi FrazerSpecial Assistant to the President and Senior Director for African Affairs, International Affairs Fellow (1998-99), National Security Council
May 14, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Constructing an African Policy

Speaker Gwendolyn Mikell
April 12, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

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The Impact of Democratization on Security: African Civilian and Military Perspectives

Presider Gwendolyn MikellAdjunct Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations
Speakers Papa Khalilou FallSecretary General, l’Accord de Non-Aggression et de Defense (ANAD) Mission, Ibrahim WaniActing Dean and Senior Adviser, Africa Center for Strategic Studies
April 9, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Constructing and Africa Policy

Presider Gwendolyn Mikell
March 26, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Shaping the Dialogue: Shaping the Future

Presider Gwendolyn Mikell
Speaker Etienne TshisekediCongolese Opposition Leader
March 8, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Republicans and Democrats Discuss Trade and Security

Panelist Gwendolyn Mikell
Speaker Walter H. KansteinerForum for International Policy
September 11, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

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American Interest in Investing in Africa's Future

Presider H. Carl McCallComptroller for N.Y. State
Speaker Jeff GriffinOverseas Private Investment Corporation
March 29, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Africa Promoting Security in Africa—The U.S. Contribution

Speaker Aubrey HooksSpecial Coordinator, the African Crisis Response Initiative
February 10, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Promoting Security in Africa—The U.S. Contribution

Presider Gwendolyn MikellAdjunct Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations
Speaker Aubrey HooksSpecial Coordinator, African Crisis Response Initiative (ACRI), U.S. Department of State
February 10, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Recent Events in the Ivory Coast

Presider Donald M. PayneCongressman(D-N.J.)
Speaker Alassane D. OuattaraPresident, Rassemblement des Républicains
February 9, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

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The Road to Peace in the Congo

Presider Gwendolyn MikellAdjunct Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations
Speaker Ernest Wamba dia WambaPresident, Rally for Congolese Democracy—Mouvement de Libération
February 2, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

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American Interests in Expanding Trade with Africa

Presider Ernest G. GreenLehman Brothers
Speaker Rosa M. WhitakerAssistant Trade Representative for Africa, Office of the U.S. Trade Representative
January 24, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

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U.S. Africa Policy: The Year Ahead

Presider Gay J. McDougallInternational Human Rights Law Group
Speaker Susan E. RiceAssistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, U.S. Department of State
December 16, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

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France’s Africa Policy in Transition: Redeployment and Disengagement

Presider Herschelle S. ChallenorClark Atlanta University
Speaker Guy MartinAssociate Professor, Woodrow Wilson Department of Government and Foreign Affairs, University of Virginia
November 18, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

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U.S. Africa Policy—The Year Ahead

Presider Frank SavageChairman, Alliance Capital Management International
Speaker Gayle SmithSpecial Assistant to the President and Senior Director for African Affairs, National Security Council
November 16, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Coups, Civil Wars, Famine, AIDS, and Elephants: Will Reporting Africa for Americans Change?

Presider Marcus MabryEdward R. Murrow Press Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations
Speaker Lynne DukeNew York Bureau Chief, Washington Post
October 19, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

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South Africa in the Black: A Banker’s View

Presider William J. McDonoughPresident, Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Speaker Tito MboweniGovernor, South African Reserve Bank
October 4, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

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The Future of the Sudan

Presiders Salih BookerThe Brookings Institution, Francis Deng
Speaker John GarangChairman, Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA)
September 21, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

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The View from Uganda

Presider Jendayi FrazerNational Security Council, White House
Speaker Eriya T. KategayaFirst Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Uganda
September 17, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

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From Deliverance to Delivery: South Africa’s Second Democratic Government

Presider Ernest G. GreenManaging Director of Public Finance, Lehman Brothers
Speaker Sheila SisuluAmbassador of the Republic of South Africa
September 8, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

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The Ethiopia-Eritrea War: A Search for Solutions

Presider Salih Booker
Speakers Paul CollierThe World Bank, John PrendergastU.S. Institute of Peace
May 26, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Bullets to Ballots to Barracks: Nigeria's Return to Civilian Government

Presider Salih Booker
Speakers Clement NwankwoConstitutional Rights Project, Abdul OrohCivil Liberties Organization
May 24, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

African Economies in the Age of Globalization

Presider Vincent A. Mai
Speaker Alassane D. OuattaraInternational Monetary Fund
March 25, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Nigeria Returns: America Responds

Presider Walter C. CarringtonFellow, W.E.B. Dubois Institute, Harvard University
Speaker Thomas R. PickeringUndersecretary for Political Affairs, U.S. Department of State
March 11, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

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War and Peace: Ghana's Perspective on Regional Peacekeeping in West Africa

Presider Julia Vadala Taft
Speaker Jerry John RawlingsPresident of Ghana
February 25, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Seeking Peace in Sierra Leone

Presider Salih Booker
Speaker Omrie Michael GolleyRevolutionary United Front (RUF)
February 4, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Getting the Right Mix in Africa: Aid, Trade, Investment, and Debt Reduction

Presider Willene Johnson
Speaker Kingsley Y. AmoakoEconomic Commission for Africa
January 15, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

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U.S. Interests in Africa: Today's Challenges and Tomorrow's Opportunities

Presider Frank Savage
Speaker Susan E. RiceAssistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, U.S. Department of State
November 19, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

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A Forecast: South African General Elections in May 1999

Presider Salih Booker
Speaker Roger SouthallRhodes University, South Africa
November 3, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

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ECOWAS: Priorities for Prosperity

Presider Jennifer C. Ward
Speaker Lansana KouyateEconomic Community of West African States
October 5, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Crisis in the Congo

Presider Salih Booker
Speaker Jacques DepelchinCongolese Democracy Movement
September 29, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Conference on Democracy, Human Rights, and Good Governance in Africa: French, American, and African Perspectives

Panelists Salih BookerNational Endowment for Democracy, Carl S. GershmanNational Endowment for Democracy
June 3, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Africa on the U.S. Foreign Policy Agenda: A Follow Up on the President's Trip

Presider Salih Booker
Speaker Samuel R. BergerNational Security Council
April 13, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Briefing for the Press on President Clinton's Trip to Africa (March 22-April 2)

Presider Salih BookerSenior Fellow, Africa Studies, Council on Foreign Relations
Speakers Mike WilliamsOffice of Congressman McDermott, Cherri D. WatersInterAction, Adotei AkweiAmnesty International
March 17, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

Democracy in Nigeria: A Dream Deferred?

Presider Pauline H. Baker
Speakers Anthony EnahoroNational Democratic Coalition of Nigeria, Walter C. CarringtonHarvard University
February 26, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Regional Economic Cooperation in East Africa

Presider Salih Booker
Speakers Jakaya KikweteForeign Minister, Tanzania, Francis MuthauraMinister for East Africa and Regional Cooperation, East Africa Cooperation, Nicholas BiwottKenya
February 11, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Turning Point in South Africa: A Review of the ANC's 50th National Conference

Presider Tami Hultman
Speaker Moeletsi MbekiKMM Investments
January 22, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

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What Next in Central Africa?

Presider Cherri D. Waters
Speaker George NzongolaHoward University
December 17, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

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New Africa, New Policy

Presider David C. Miller Jr.
Speaker Susan E. RiceU.S. Department of State
December 2, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

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An Evening Discussion with Ayo Obe

Discussant Peter EkehAssociation of Nigerians for Dialogue
Presider Gwendolyn Mikell
Speaker Ayo ObeCivil Liberties Organization, Nigeria
October 27, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Mozambique in the New Millenium

Presider Thomas Corcoran Barry
Speaker Joaquim A. ChissanoPresident of Mozambique
October 21, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Democracy or Deadlock: Civil Society and Constitutional Change in Kenya

Presider Salih Booker
Speakers Timothy NjoyaNational Convention Executive Council, Willy MutungaNational Convention Executive Council
September 30, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Africa's Renaissance: Zimbabwe's Role in the Region and the World

Presider Jesse L. Jackson Sr.
Speaker Robert Gabriel MugabePresident of Zimbabwe
September 23, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Doing Business in South Africa

Presider Edward T. Cloonan
Speaker Millard W. ArnoldU.S. Department of Commerce
September 9, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

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National Reconciliation, Democracy, and Economic Growth in Southern Africa

Presider Maurice Tempelsman
Speaker Sam NujomaPresident, Namibia
May 22, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Africa's Outlook for 1997

Presider Vivian Lowery Derryck
Speaker Salim Ahmed SalimOrganization of African Unity
January 13, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

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An Update on South Africa: Reflections on a Past in Prison and a Present in Power

Presider Gay J. McDougall
Speaker Ahmed M. KathradaNational Assembly of South Africa
November 13, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

Children's Rights in War and Conflict

Presider Salih Booker
Speaker Graca MachelExpert of the U.N. Secretary General, U.N. Study on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Children
November 12, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Breakfast Discussion on Zaire

Presider Salih Booker
Speaker Jacques DepelchinJohn D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
November 8, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

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A Luncheon with Julius Nyerere

Presider Howard Wolpe
Speaker Julius NyererePresident of Tanzania
September 26, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Nigeria in Crisis: The State of the Nation

Presider Henry Louis Gates Jr.
Speaker Wole Soyinkaauthor, Visiting Professor of African American Studies, Emory University
September 19, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

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An Update on Burundi

Speaker Howard WolpeThe Brookings Institution
September 12, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

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An Update on Liberia

Presider J. Reed KramerallAfrica.com
Speakers Ellen JohnsonU.N. Development Program, Pierre PontInternational Committee of the Red Cross, D. Elwood DunnUniversity of the South, Susan E. RiceNational Security Council
June 26, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

Commercial Engagement: Clinton’s Agenda for Africa in the 21st Century

Presider Theodore C. Sorensen
Speaker Ronald H. BrownU.S. Department of Commerce
March 27, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

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An Update on Angola

Presider Salih Booker
Speakers Edmund DejarnetteU.S.-Angola Chamber of Commerce, William MinterAfrica Policy Information Center
March 26, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

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An Update on Zaire

Presider Pauline H. Baker
Speaker Leon Kengo Wa DondoPrime Minstry, Zaire
March 20, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.