Africa Roundtable Series

Director: Gwendolyn Mikell
September 1, 1996 - June 30, 2003

The focus of this series was influenced by the major shift occurring in African governance as the Organization of African Unity is phased out, and Africans sign onto new membership in the African Union. The theme captures the new type of relationships being crafted between the AU and African states, between the AU and the international community, and between the African official leadership and the citizenry as this shift occurs.

African governance has emerged as one of the major topics in the American dialogue about whether developing strong relations with Africa is “in America’s national interest.” The American slogans “Trade, not Aid” and then “African solutions to African Problems,” which characterized some policy discussions in the 1990s, reflected the hesitation that many American policy makers have had towards investing in Africa given the length and fragility of Africa’s political and economic transitions. The African environment, however, is undergoing positive change.

A 2001 World Bank report, examining “Can Africa Claim the 21st Century,” answered yes, if Africa can develop the structures for trade, investment, growth, peace, and security that are needed. Obviously, African countries made significant adjustments as they moved to post-cold war politics focused on state democratization and economic restructuring. Africans themselves have recognized that this was not sufficient for preventing ethnic conflicts and civil war; stemming conflicts over resources between neighboring states; reducing poverty and achieving an equitable distribution of national resources; reducing debt and guaranteeing economic growth and development; or encouraging leadership transitions that reinforce democracy. Given the new understandings of shifts occurring within the global economy, African leaders have challenged themselves to construct patterns of regional and continental governance that will encourage unity and push Africa toward development.

Sessions of this series are designed to examine how it is in America’s long term interests to work with Africa in the changing global environment of the present, focusing on five major challenges under the African governance theme: the African Union (AU) and the New Partnership for African Development (NEPAD); management of strategic resources; leadership and democratic transitions; security, anti-terrorism, and tribunals; global partnerships with the United States, G8, and the United Nations.

Meetings

Meeting

Nigeria Follow-Up Session

Speakers Gwendolyn Mikell, Gwendolyn Mikell
March 24, 2003

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Supporting African Conflict Resolution

Presiders Gwendolyn MikellCouncil on Foreign Relations, Gwendolyn MikellCouncil on Foreign Relations
December 4, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

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New Partnership for Africa's Development

Presiders Gwendolyn MikellCouncil on Foreign Relations, Gwendolyn MikellCouncil on Foreign Relations
November 14, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Prospects for Peace in the Sudan

Speakers John PrendergastInternational Crises Group, John PrendergastInternational Crises Group, Randolph MartinInternational Rescue Committee, Randolph MartinInternational Rescue Committee
Presiders Robert P. DeVecchi, Robert P. DeVecchi
April 4, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

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NEPAD and the International Private Sector: An African 'Marshall Plan'?

Speakers Cheikh Tidiane GadioForeign Minister of Senegal, Cheikh Tidiane GadioForeign Minister of Senegal
Presiders Gwendolyn Mikell, Frank Savage, Gwendolyn Mikell, Frank Savage
March 26, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

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A Discussion of Recent Developments in Somalia

Speakers Yusuf Hassan IbrahimMinister of Foreign Affairs of Somalia, Yusuf Hassan IbrahimMinister of Foreign Affairs of Somalia
Presiders Gwendolyn Mikell, Gwendolyn Mikell
March 19, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Recent Developments in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Speakers Leonard She OkitunduMinister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Leonard She OkitunduMinister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)
Presiders Gwendolyn Mikell, Gwendolyn Mikell
February 19, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

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America's Response to Terrorism: Managing Africa's Oil Revenues in a Changing Global Climate

Speakers Malik ChakaProfessional Staff Member, U.S. House Subcommittee on Africa, Donald R. NorlandU.S. Ambassador to Botswana, Lesotho, and Swaziland (1976–79), Malik ChakaProfessional Staff Member, U.S. House Subcommittee on Africa, Donald R. NorlandU.S. Ambassador to Botswana, Lesotho, and Swaziland (1976–79)
Panelists Gwendolyn MikellNew York Chair; Adjunct Senior Fellow, Africa Studies, Council on Foreign Relations, Joseph BarnesHouston Chair; Research Fellow, James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy of Rice University, Gwendolyn MikellNew York Chair; Adjunct Senior Fellow, Africa Studies, Council on Foreign Relations, Joseph BarnesHouston Chair; Research Fellow, James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy of Rice University
Presiders Gwendolyn Mikell, Gwendolyn Mikell
January 29, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

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America's Response to Terrorism: Fundamentalist Movements in Africa

Speakers John VollCenter for Muslim/Christian Understanding, Georgetown University, John VollCenter for Muslim/Christian Understanding, Georgetown University
Presiders Rachel Bronson, Gwendolyn Mikell, Rachel Bronson, Gwendolyn Mikell
December 5, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

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A Conversation with Jendayi Frazer

Speakers Jendayi E. FrazerSpecial Assistant to the President and Senior Director for African Affairs, International Affairs Fellow (1998-99), National Security Council, Jendayi E. FrazerSpecial Assistant to the President and Senior Director for African Affairs, International Affairs Fellow (1998-99), National Security Council
Presiders Gwendolyn Mikell, Gwendolyn Mikell
May 14, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Constructing an African Policy

Speakers Gwendolyn Mikell, Gwendolyn Mikell
April 12, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

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The Impact of Democratization on Security: African Civilian and Military Perspectives

Speakers Ibrahim WaniActing Dean and Senior Adviser, Africa Center for Strategic Studies, Ibrahim WaniActing Dean and Senior Adviser, Africa Center for Strategic Studies, Papa Khalilou FallSecretary General, l’Accord de Non-Aggression et de Defense (ANAD) Mission, Papa Khalilou FallSecretary General, l’Accord de Non-Aggression et de Defense (ANAD) Mission
Presiders Gwendolyn MikellAdjunct Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations, Gwendolyn MikellAdjunct Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations
April 9, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Constructing and Africa Policy

Presiders Gwendolyn Mikell, Gwendolyn Mikell
March 26, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Shaping the Dialogue: Shaping the Future

Speakers Etienne TshisekediCongolese Opposition Leader, Etienne TshisekediCongolese Opposition Leader
Presiders Gwendolyn Mikell, Gwendolyn Mikell
March 8, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Republicans and Democrats Discuss Trade and Security

Speakers Walter H. KansteinerForum for International Policy, Walter H. KansteinerForum for International Policy
Panelists Gwendolyn Mikell, Gwendolyn Mikell
September 11, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

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American Interest in Investing in Africa's Future

Speakers Jeff GriffinOverseas Private Investment Corporation, Jeff GriffinOverseas Private Investment Corporation
Presiders H. Carl McCallComptroller for N.Y. State, H. Carl McCallComptroller for N.Y. State
March 29, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Africa Promoting Security in Africa—The U.S. Contribution

Speakers Aubrey HooksSpecial Coordinator, the African Crisis Response Initiative, Aubrey HooksSpecial Coordinator, the African Crisis Response Initiative
February 10, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

Promoting Security in Africa—The U.S. Contribution

Speakers Aubrey HooksSpecial Coordinator, African Crisis Response Initiative (ACRI), U.S. Department of State, Aubrey HooksSpecial Coordinator, African Crisis Response Initiative (ACRI), U.S. Department of State
Presiders Gwendolyn MikellAdjunct Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations, Gwendolyn MikellAdjunct Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations
February 10, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

Recent Events in the Ivory Coast

Speakers Alassane D. OuattaraPresident, Rassemblement des Républicains, Alassane D. OuattaraPresident, Rassemblement des Républicains
Presiders Donald M. PayneCongressman(D-N.J.), Donald M. PayneCongressman(D-N.J.)
February 9, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

The Road to Peace in the Congo

Speakers Ernest Wamba dia WambaPresident, Rally for Congolese Democracy—Mouvement de Libération, Ernest Wamba dia WambaPresident, Rally for Congolese Democracy—Mouvement de Libération
Presiders Gwendolyn MikellAdjunct Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations, Gwendolyn MikellAdjunct Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations
February 2, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

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American Interests in Expanding Trade with Africa

Speakers Rosa M. WhitakerAssistant Trade Representative for Africa, Office of the U.S. Trade Representative, Rosa M. WhitakerAssistant Trade Representative for Africa, Office of the U.S. Trade Representative
Presiders Ernest G. GreenLehman Brothers, Ernest G. GreenLehman Brothers
January 24, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

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U.S. Africa Policy: The Year Ahead

Speakers Susan E. RiceAssistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, U.S. Department of State, Susan E. RiceAssistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, U.S. Department of State
Presiders Gay J. McDougallInternational Human Rights Law Group, Gay J. McDougallInternational Human Rights Law Group
December 16, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

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France’s Africa Policy in Transition: Redeployment and Disengagement

Speakers Guy MartinAssociate Professor, Woodrow Wilson Department of Government and Foreign Affairs, University of Virginia, Guy MartinAssociate Professor, Woodrow Wilson Department of Government and Foreign Affairs, University of Virginia
Presiders Herschelle S. ChallenorClark Atlanta University, Herschelle S. ChallenorClark Atlanta University
November 18, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

U.S. Africa Policy—The Year Ahead

Speakers Gayle SmithSpecial Assistant to the President and Senior Director for African Affairs, National Security Council, Gayle SmithSpecial Assistant to the President and Senior Director for African Affairs, National Security Council
Presiders Frank SavageChairman, Alliance Capital Management International, Frank SavageChairman, Alliance Capital Management International
November 16, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Coups, Civil Wars, Famine, AIDS, and Elephants: Will Reporting Africa for Americans Change?

Speakers Lynne DukeNew York Bureau Chief, Washington Post, Lynne DukeNew York Bureau Chief, Washington Post
Presiders Marcus MabryEdward R. Murrow Press Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations, Marcus MabryEdward R. Murrow Press Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations
October 19, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

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South Africa in the Black: A Banker’s View

Speakers Tito MboweniGovernor, South African Reserve Bank, Tito MboweniGovernor, South African Reserve Bank
Presiders William J. McDonoughPresident, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, William J. McDonoughPresident, Federal Reserve Bank of New York
October 4, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

The Future of the Sudan

Speakers John GarangChairman, Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), John GarangChairman, Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA)
Presiders Francis Deng, Salih BookerThe Brookings Institution, Francis Deng, Salih BookerThe Brookings Institution
September 21, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

The View from Uganda

Speakers Eriya T. KategayaFirst Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Uganda, Eriya T. KategayaFirst Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Uganda
Presiders Jendayi E. FrazerNational Security Council, White House, Jendayi E. FrazerNational Security Council, White House
September 17, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

From Deliverance to Delivery: South Africa’s Second Democratic Government

Speakers Sheila SisuluAmbassador of the Republic of South Africa, Sheila SisuluAmbassador of the Republic of South Africa
Presiders Ernest G. GreenManaging Director of Public Finance, Lehman Brothers, Ernest G. GreenManaging Director of Public Finance, Lehman Brothers
September 8, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

The Ethiopia-Eritrea War: A Search for Solutions

Speakers John PrendergastU.S. Institute of Peace, John PrendergastU.S. Institute of Peace, Paul CollierThe World Bank, Paul CollierThe World Bank
Presiders Salih Booker, Salih Booker
May 26, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

Bullets to Ballots to Barracks: Nigeria's Return to Civilian Government

Speakers Abdul OrohCivil Liberties Organization, Abdul OrohCivil Liberties Organization, Clement NwankwoConstitutional Rights Project, Clement NwankwoConstitutional Rights Project
Presiders Salih Booker, Salih Booker
May 24, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

African Economies in the Age of Globalization

Speakers Alassane D. OuattaraInternational Monetary Fund, Alassane D. OuattaraInternational Monetary Fund
Presiders Vincent A. Mai, Vincent A. Mai
March 25, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

Nigeria Returns: America Responds

Speakers Thomas R. PickeringUndersecretary for Political Affairs, U.S. Department of State, Thomas R. PickeringUndersecretary for Political Affairs, U.S. Department of State
Presiders Walter C. CarringtonFellow, W.E.B. Dubois Institute, Harvard University, Walter C. CarringtonFellow, W.E.B. Dubois Institute, Harvard University
March 11, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

War and Peace: Ghana's Perspective on Regional Peacekeeping in West Africa

Speakers Jerry John RawlingsPresident of Ghana, Jerry John RawlingsPresident of Ghana
Presiders Julia Vadala Taft, Julia Vadala Taft
February 25, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

Seeking Peace in Sierra Leone

Speakers Omrie Michael GolleyRevolutionary United Front (RUF), Omrie Michael GolleyRevolutionary United Front (RUF)
Presiders Salih Booker, Salih Booker
February 4, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

Getting the Right Mix in Africa: Aid, Trade, Investment, and Debt Reduction

Speakers Kingsley Y. AmoakoEconomic Commission for Africa, Kingsley Y. AmoakoEconomic Commission for Africa
Presiders Willene Johnson, Willene Johnson
January 15, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

U.S. Interests in Africa: Today's Challenges and Tomorrow's Opportunities

Speakers Susan E. RiceAssistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, U.S. Department of State, Susan E. RiceAssistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, U.S. Department of State
Presiders Frank Savage, Frank Savage
November 19, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

A Forecast: South African General Elections in May 1999

Speakers Roger SouthallRhodes University, South Africa, Roger SouthallRhodes University, South Africa
Presiders Salih Booker, Salih Booker
November 3, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

ECOWAS: Priorities for Prosperity

Speakers Lansana KouyateEconomic Community of West African States, Lansana KouyateEconomic Community of West African States
Presiders Jennifer C. Ward, Jennifer C. Ward
October 5, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Crisis in the Congo

Speakers Jacques DepelchinCongolese Democracy Movement, Jacques DepelchinCongolese Democracy Movement
Presiders Salih Booker, Salih Booker
September 29, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Conference on Democracy, Human Rights, and Good Governance in Africa: French, American, and African Perspectives

Panelists Carl S. GershmanNational Endowment for Democracy, Salih BookerNational Endowment for Democracy, Carl S. GershmanNational Endowment for Democracy, Salih BookerNational Endowment for Democracy
June 3, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

Africa on the U.S. Foreign Policy Agenda: A Follow Up on the President's Trip

Speakers Samuel R. BergerNational Security Council, Samuel R. BergerNational Security Council
Presiders Salih Booker, Salih Booker
April 13, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Briefing for the Press on President Clinton's Trip to Africa (March 22-April 2)

Speakers Adotei AkweiAmnesty International, Adotei AkweiAmnesty International, Mike WilliamsOffice of Congressman McDermott, Cherri D. WatersInterAction, Cherri D. WatersInterAction, Mike WilliamsOffice of Congressman McDermott
Presiders Salih BookerSenior Fellow, Africa Studies, Council on Foreign Relations, Salih BookerSenior Fellow, Africa Studies, Council on Foreign Relations
March 17, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

Democracy in Nigeria: A Dream Deferred?

Speakers Walter C. CarringtonHarvard University, Walter C. CarringtonHarvard University, Anthony EnahoroNational Democratic Coalition of Nigeria, Anthony EnahoroNational Democratic Coalition of Nigeria
Presiders Pauline H. Baker, Pauline H. Baker
February 26, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

Regional Economic Cooperation in East Africa

Speakers Nicholas BiwottKenya, Nicholas BiwottKenya, Jakaya KikweteForeign Minister, Tanzania, Francis MuthauraMinister for East Africa and Regional Cooperation, East Africa Cooperation, Francis MuthauraMinister for East Africa and Regional Cooperation, East Africa Cooperation, Jakaya KikweteForeign Minister, Tanzania
Presiders Salih Booker, Salih Booker
February 11, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

Turning Point in South Africa: A Review of the ANC's 50th National Conference

Speakers Moeletsi MbekiKMM Investments, Moeletsi MbekiKMM Investments
Presiders Tami Hultman, Tami Hultman
January 22, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

What Next in Central Africa?

Speakers George NzongolaHoward University, George NzongolaHoward University
Presiders Cherri D. Waters, Cherri D. Waters
December 17, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

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New Africa, New Policy

Speakers Susan E. RiceU.S. Department of State, Susan E. RiceU.S. Department of State
Presiders David C. Miller Jr., David C. Miller Jr.
December 2, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

An Evening Discussion with Ayo Obe

Speakers Ayo ObeCivil Liberties Organization, Nigeria, Ayo ObeCivil Liberties Organization, Nigeria
Presiders Gwendolyn Mikell, Gwendolyn Mikell
Discussants Peter EkehAssociation of Nigerians for Dialogue, Peter EkehAssociation of Nigerians for Dialogue
October 27, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

Mozambique in the New Millenium

Speakers Joaquim A. ChissanoPresident of Mozambique, Joaquim A. ChissanoPresident of Mozambique
Presiders Thomas Corcoran Barry, Thomas Corcoran Barry
October 21, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

Democracy or Deadlock: Civil Society and Constitutional Change in Kenya

Speakers Willy MutungaNational Convention Executive Council, Willy MutungaNational Convention Executive Council, Timothy NjoyaNational Convention Executive Council, Timothy NjoyaNational Convention Executive Council
Presiders Salih Booker, Salih Booker
September 30, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

Africa's Renaissance: Zimbabwe's Role in the Region and the World

Speakers Robert Gabriel MugabePresident of Zimbabwe, Robert Gabriel MugabePresident of Zimbabwe
Presiders Jesse L. Jackson Sr., Jesse L. Jackson Sr.
September 23, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Doing Business in South Africa

Speakers Millard W. ArnoldU.S. Department of Commerce, Millard W. ArnoldU.S. Department of Commerce
Presiders Edward T. Cloonan, Edward T. Cloonan
September 9, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

National Reconciliation, Democracy, and Economic Growth in Southern Africa

Speakers Sam NujomaPresident, Namibia, Sam NujomaPresident, Namibia
Presiders Maurice Tempelsman, Maurice Tempelsman
May 22, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

Africa's Outlook for 1997

Speakers Salim Ahmed SalimOrganization of African Unity, Salim Ahmed SalimOrganization of African Unity
Presiders Vivian Lowery Derryck, Vivian Lowery Derryck
January 13, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

An Update on South Africa: Reflections on a Past in Prison and a Present in Power

Speakers Ahmed M. KathradaNational Assembly of South Africa, Ahmed M. KathradaNational Assembly of South Africa
Presiders Gay J. McDougall, Gay J. McDougall
November 13, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

Children's Rights in War and Conflict

Speakers Graca MachelExpert of the U.N. Secretary General, U.N. Study on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Children, Graca MachelExpert of the U.N. Secretary General, U.N. Study on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Children
Presiders Salih Booker, Salih Booker
November 12, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

Breakfast Discussion on Zaire

Speakers Jacques DepelchinJohn D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Jacques DepelchinJohn D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Presiders Salih Booker, Salih Booker
November 8, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

A Luncheon with Julius Nyerere

Speakers Julius NyererePresident of Tanzania, Julius NyererePresident of Tanzania
Presiders Howard Wolpe, Howard Wolpe
September 26, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Nigeria in Crisis: The State of the Nation

Speakers Wole Soyinkaauthor, Visiting Professor of African American Studies, Emory University, Wole Soyinkaauthor, Visiting Professor of African American Studies, Emory University
Presiders Henry Louis Gates Jr., Henry Louis Gates Jr.
September 19, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

An Update on Burundi

Speakers Howard WolpeThe Brookings Institution, Howard WolpeThe Brookings Institution
September 12, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

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An Update on Liberia

Speakers Susan E. RiceNational Security Council, Ellen JohnsonU.N. Development Program, Susan E. RiceNational Security Council, Pierre PontInternational Committee of the Red Cross, D. Elwood DunnUniversity of the South, D. Elwood DunnUniversity of the South, Pierre PontInternational Committee of the Red Cross, Ellen JohnsonU.N. Development Program
Presiders J. Reed KramerallAfrica.com, J. Reed KramerallAfrica.com
June 26, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

Commercial Engagement: Clinton’s Agenda for Africa in the 21st Century

Speakers Ronald H. BrownU.S. Department of Commerce, Ronald H. BrownU.S. Department of Commerce
Presiders Theodore C. Sorensen, Theodore C. Sorensen
March 27, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

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An Update on Angola

Speakers William MinterAfrica Policy Information Center, William MinterAfrica Policy Information Center, Edmund DejarnetteU.S.-Angola Chamber of Commerce, Edmund DejarnetteU.S.-Angola Chamber of Commerce
Presiders Salih Booker, Salih Booker
March 26, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

Meeting

An Update on Zaire

Speakers Leon Kengo Wa DondoPrime Minstry, Zaire, Leon Kengo Wa DondoPrime Minstry, Zaire
Presiders Pauline H. Baker, Pauline H. Baker
March 20, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.