Africa Roundtable Series

Director: Gwendolyn Mikell
September 1, 1996 - June 30, 2003

The focus of this series was influenced by the major shift occurring in African governance as the Organization of African Unity is phased out, and Africans sign onto new membership in the African Union. The theme captures the new type of relationships being crafted between the AU and African states, between the AU and the international community, and between the African official leadership and the citizenry as this shift occurs.

African governance has emerged as one of the major topics in the American dialogue about whether developing strong relations with Africa is “in America’s national interest.” The American slogans “Trade, not Aid” and then “African solutions to African Problems,” which characterized some policy discussions in the 1990s, reflected the hesitation that many American policy makers have had towards investing in Africa given the length and fragility of Africa’s political and economic transitions. The African environment, however, is undergoing positive change.

A 2001 World Bank report, examining “Can Africa Claim the 21st Century,” answered yes, if Africa can develop the structures for trade, investment, growth, peace, and security that are needed. Obviously, African countries made significant adjustments as they moved to post-cold war politics focused on state democratization and economic restructuring. Africans themselves have recognized that this was not sufficient for preventing ethnic conflicts and civil war; stemming conflicts over resources between neighboring states; reducing poverty and achieving an equitable distribution of national resources; reducing debt and guaranteeing economic growth and development; or encouraging leadership transitions that reinforce democracy. Given the new understandings of shifts occurring within the global economy, African leaders have challenged themselves to construct patterns of regional and continental governance that will encourage unity and push Africa toward development.

Sessions of this series are designed to examine how it is in America’s long term interests to work with Africa in the changing global environment of the present, focusing on five major challenges under the African governance theme: the African Union (AU) and the New Partnership for African Development (NEPAD); management of strategic resources; leadership and democratic transitions; security, anti-terrorism, and tribunals; global partnerships with the United States, G8, and the United Nations.

Meetings

Roundtable Meeting

Nigeria Follow-Up Session

Speaker:

Gwendolyn Mikell
March 24, 2003

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Supporting African Conflict Resolution

Presider:

Gwendolyn Mikell, Council on Foreign Relations
December 4, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

New Partnership for Africa's Development

Presider:

Gwendolyn Mikell, Council on Foreign Relations
November 14, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

View All Meetings

Roundtable Meeting

Prospects for Peace in the Sudan

Presider:

Robert P. DeVecchi

Speakers:

Randolph Martin, International Rescue Committee, John Prendergast, International Crises Group
April 4, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

NEPAD and the International Private Sector: An African 'Marshall Plan'?

Presiders:

Frank Savage, Gwendolyn Mikell

Speaker:

Cheikh Tidiane Gadio, Foreign Minister of Senegal
March 26, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

A Discussion of Recent Developments in Somalia

Speaker:

Yusuf Hassan Ibrahim, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Somalia

Presider:

Gwendolyn Mikell
March 19, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Recent Developments in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Presider:

Gwendolyn Mikell

Speaker:

Leonard She Okitundu, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)
February 19, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

National Program Meeting

America's Response to Terrorism: Managing Africa's Oil Revenues in a Changing Global Climate

Presider:

Gwendolyn Mikell

Panelists:

Joseph Barnes, Houston Chair; Research Fellow, James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy of Rice University, Gwendolyn Mikell, New York Chair; Adjunct Senior Fellow, Africa Studies, Council on Foreign Relations

Speakers:

Donald R. Norland, U.S. Ambassador to Botswana, Lesotho, and Swaziland (1976–79), Malik Chaka, Professional Staff Member, U.S. House Subcommittee on Africa
January 29, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

America's Response to Terrorism: Fundamentalist Movements in Africa

Presiders:

Gwendolyn Mikell, Rachel Bronson

Speaker:

John Voll, Center for Muslim/Christian Understanding, Georgetown University
December 5, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

General Meeting

A Conversation with Jendayi Frazer

Presider:

Gwendolyn Mikell

Speaker:

Jendayi Frazer, Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for African Affairs, International Affairs Fellow (1998-99), National Security Council
May 14, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Constructing an African Policy

Speaker:

Gwendolyn Mikell
April 12, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

The Impact of Democratization on Security: African Civilian and Military Perspectives

Presider:

Gwendolyn Mikell, Adjunct Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations

Speakers:

Papa Khalilou Fall, Secretary General, l’Accord de Non-Aggression et de Defense (ANAD) Mission, Ibrahim Wani, Acting Dean and Senior Adviser, Africa Center for Strategic Studies
April 9, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Constructing and Africa Policy

Presider:

Gwendolyn Mikell
March 26, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Shaping the Dialogue: Shaping the Future

Presider:

Gwendolyn Mikell

Speaker:

Etienne Tshisekedi, Congolese Opposition Leader
March 8, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Republicans and Democrats Discuss Trade and Security

Panelist:

Gwendolyn Mikell

Speaker:

Walter H. Kansteiner, Forum for International Policy
September 11, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

American Interest in Investing in Africa's Future

Presider:

H. Carl McCall, Comptroller for N.Y. State

Speaker:

Jeff Griffin, Overseas Private Investment Corporation
March 29, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Promoting Security in Africa—The U.S. Contribution

Presider:

Gwendolyn Mikell, Adjunct Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations

Speaker:

Aubrey Hooks, Special Coordinator, African Crisis Response Initiative (ACRI), U.S. Department of State
February 10, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Africa Promoting Security in Africa—The U.S. Contribution

Speaker:

Aubrey Hooks, Special Coordinator, the African Crisis Response Initiative
February 10, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Recent Events in the Ivory Coast

Presider:

Donald M. Payne, Congressman(D-N.J.)

Speaker:

Alassane D. Ouattara, President, Rassemblement des Républicains
February 9, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

The Road to Peace in the Congo

Presider:

Gwendolyn Mikell, Adjunct Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations

Speaker:

Ernest Wamba dia Wamba, President, Rally for Congolese Democracy—Mouvement de Libération
February 2, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

American Interests in Expanding Trade with Africa

Presider:

Ernest G. Green, Lehman Brothers

Speaker:

Rosa M. Whitaker, Assistant Trade Representative for Africa, Office of the U.S. Trade Representative
January 24, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

U.S. Africa Policy: The Year Ahead

Presider:

Gay J. McDougall, International Human Rights Law Group

Speaker:

Susan E. Rice, Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, U.S. Department of State
December 16, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

France’s Africa Policy in Transition: Redeployment and Disengagement

Presider:

Herschelle S. Challenor, Clark Atlanta University

Speaker:

Guy Martin, Associate Professor, Woodrow Wilson Department of Government and Foreign Affairs, University of Virginia
November 18, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

U.S. Africa Policy—The Year Ahead

Presider:

Frank Savage, Chairman, Alliance Capital Management International

Speaker:

Gayle Smith, Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for African Affairs, National Security Council
November 16, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Coups, Civil Wars, Famine, AIDS, and Elephants: Will Reporting Africa for Americans Change?

Presider:

Marcus Mabry, Edward R. Murrow Press Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations

Speaker:

Lynne Duke, New York Bureau Chief, Washington Post
October 19, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

South Africa in the Black: A Banker’s View

Presider:

William J. McDonough, President, Federal Reserve Bank of New York

Speaker:

Tito Mboweni, Governor, South African Reserve Bank
October 4, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

The Future of the Sudan

Presiders:

Salih Booker, The Brookings Institution, Francis Deng

Speaker:

John Garang, Chairman, Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA)
September 21, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

The View from Uganda

Presider:

Jendayi Frazer, National Security Council, White House

Speaker:

Eriya T. Kategaya, First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Uganda
September 17, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

From Deliverance to Delivery: South Africa’s Second Democratic Government

Presider:

Ernest G. Green, Managing Director of Public Finance, Lehman Brothers

Speaker:

Sheila Sisulu, Ambassador of the Republic of South Africa
September 8, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

The Ethiopia-Eritrea War: A Search for Solutions

Presider:

Salih Booker

Speakers:

Paul Collier, The World Bank, John Prendergast, U.S. Institute of Peace
May 26, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Bullets to Ballots to Barracks: Nigeria's Return to Civilian Government

Presider:

Salih Booker

Speakers:

Clement Nwankwo, Constitutional Rights Project, Abdul Oroh, Civil Liberties Organization
May 24, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

African Economies in the Age of Globalization

Presider:

Vincent A. Mai

Speaker:

Alassane D. Ouattara, International Monetary Fund
March 25, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

General Meeting

Nigeria Returns: America Responds

Presider:

Walter C. Carrington, Fellow, W.E.B. Dubois Institute, Harvard University

Speaker:

Thomas R. Pickering, Undersecretary for Political Affairs, U.S. Department of State
March 11, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

War and Peace: Ghana's Perspective on Regional Peacekeeping in West Africa

Presider:

Julia Vadala Taft

Speaker:

Jerry John Rawlings, President of Ghana
February 25, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Seeking Peace in Sierra Leone

Presider:

Salih Booker

Speaker:

Omrie Michael Golley, Revolutionary United Front (RUF)
February 4, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Getting the Right Mix in Africa: Aid, Trade, Investment, and Debt Reduction

Presider:

Willene Johnson

Speaker:

Kingsley Y. Amoako, Economic Commission for Africa
January 15, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

General Meeting

U.S. Interests in Africa: Today's Challenges and Tomorrow's Opportunities

Presider:

Frank Savage

Speaker:

Susan E. Rice, Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, U.S. Department of State
November 19, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

A Forecast: South African General Elections in May 1999

Presider:

Salih Booker

Speaker:

Roger Southall, Rhodes University, South Africa
November 3, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

ECOWAS: Priorities for Prosperity

Presider:

Jennifer C. Ward

Speaker:

Lansana Kouyate, Economic Community of West African States
October 5, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Crisis in the Congo

Presider:

Salih Booker

Speaker:

Jacques Depelchin, Congolese Democracy Movement
September 29, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Conference on Democracy, Human Rights, and Good Governance in Africa: French, American, and African Perspectives

Panelists:

Salih Booker, National Endowment for Democracy, Carl S. Gershman, National Endowment for Democracy
June 3, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Africa on the U.S. Foreign Policy Agenda: A Follow Up on the President's Trip

Presider:

Salih Booker

Speaker:

Samuel R. Berger, National Security Council
April 13, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Briefing for the Press on President Clinton's Trip to Africa (March 22-April 2)

Presider:

Salih Booker, Senior Fellow, Africa Studies, Council on Foreign Relations

Speakers:

Mike Williams, Office of Congressman McDermott, Cherri D. Waters, InterAction, Adotei Akwei, Amnesty International
March 17, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Democracy in Nigeria: A Dream Deferred?

Presider:

Pauline H. Baker

Speakers:

Anthony Enahoro, National Democratic Coalition of Nigeria, Walter C. Carrington, Harvard University
February 26, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Regional Economic Cooperation in East Africa

Presider:

Salih Booker

Speakers:

Jakaya Kikwete, Foreign Minister, Tanzania, Francis Muthaura, Minister for East Africa and Regional Cooperation, East Africa Cooperation, Nicholas Biwott, Kenya
February 11, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Turning Point in South Africa: A Review of the ANC's 50th National Conference

Presider:

Tami Hultman

Speaker:

Moeletsi Mbeki, KMM Investments
January 22, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

What Next in Central Africa?

Presider:

Cherri D. Waters

Speaker:

George Nzongola, Howard University
December 17, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

New Africa, New Policy

Presider:

David C. Miller Jr.

Speaker:

Susan E. Rice, U.S. Department of State
December 2, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

An Evening Discussion with Ayo Obe

Discussant:

Peter Ekeh, Association of Nigerians for Dialogue

Presider:

Gwendolyn Mikell

Speaker:

Ayo Obe, Civil Liberties Organization, Nigeria
October 27, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Mozambique in the New Millenium

Presider:

Thomas Corcoran Barry

Speaker:

Joaquim A. Chissano, President of Mozambique
October 21, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Democracy or Deadlock: Civil Society and Constitutional Change in Kenya

Presider:

Salih Booker

Speakers:

Timothy Njoya, National Convention Executive Council, Willy Mutunga, National Convention Executive Council
September 30, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

General Meeting

Africa's Renaissance: Zimbabwe's Role in the Region and the World

Presider:

Jesse L. Jackson Sr.

Speaker:

Robert Gabriel Mugabe, President of Zimbabwe
September 23, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Doing Business in South Africa

Presider:

Edward T. Cloonan

Speaker:

Millard W. Arnold, U.S. Department of Commerce
September 9, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

General Meeting

National Reconciliation, Democracy, and Economic Growth in Southern Africa

Presider:

Maurice Tempelsman

Speaker:

Sam Nujoma, President, Namibia
May 22, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Africa's Outlook for 1997

Presider:

Vivian Lowery Derryck

Speaker:

Salim Ahmed Salim, Organization of African Unity
January 13, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

An Update on South Africa: Reflections on a Past in Prison and a Present in Power

Presider:

Gay J. McDougall

Speaker:

Ahmed M. Kathrada, National Assembly of South Africa
November 13, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

General Meeting

Children's Rights in War and Conflict

Presider:

Salih Booker

Speaker:

Graca Machel, Expert of the U.N. Secretary General, U.N. Study on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Children
November 12, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Breakfast Discussion on Zaire

Presider:

Salih Booker

Speaker:

Jacques Depelchin, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
November 8, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

A Luncheon with Julius Nyerere

Presider:

Howard Wolpe

Speaker:

Julius Nyerere, President of Tanzania
September 26, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

General Meeting

Nigeria in Crisis: The State of the Nation

Presider:

Henry Louis Gates Jr.

Speaker:

Wole Soyinka, author, Visiting Professor of African American Studies, Emory University
September 19, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

An Update on Burundi

Presider:

Esther Diane Brimmer

Speaker:

Howard Wolpe, The Brookings Institution
September 12, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

An Update on Liberia

Presider:

J. Reed Kramer, allAfrica.com

Speakers:

Ellen Johnson, U.N. Development Program, Pierre Pont, International Committee of the Red Cross, D. Elwood Dunn, University of the South, Susan E. Rice, National Security Council
June 26, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

Commercial Engagement: Clinton’s Agenda for Africa in the 21st Century

Presider:

Theodore C. Sorensen

Speaker:

Ronald H. Brown, U.S. Department of Commerce
March 27, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

An Update on Angola

Presider:

Salih Booker

Speakers:

Edmund Dejarnette, U.S.-Angola Chamber of Commerce, William Minter, Africa Policy Information Center
March 26, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

Roundtable Meeting

An Update on Zaire

Presider:

Pauline H. Baker

Speaker:

Leon Kengo Wa Dondo, Prime Minstry, Zaire
March 20, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.