Africa Roundtable Series

Director: Gwendolyn Mikell
September 1, 1996 - June 30, 2003

The focus of this series was influenced by the major shift occurring in African governance as the Organization of African Unity is phased out, and Africans sign onto new membership in the African Union. The theme captures the new type of relationships being crafted between the AU and African states, between the AU and the international community, and between the African official leadership and the citizenry as this shift occurs.

African governance has emerged as one of the major topics in the American dialogue about whether developing strong relations with Africa is “in America’s national interest.” The American slogans “Trade, not Aid” and then “African solutions to African Problems,” which characterized some policy discussions in the 1990s, reflected the hesitation that many American policy makers have had towards investing in Africa given the length and fragility of Africa’s political and economic transitions. The African environment, however, is undergoing positive change.

A 2001 World Bank report, examining “Can Africa Claim the 21st Century,” answered yes, if Africa can develop the structures for trade, investment, growth, peace, and security that are needed. Obviously, African countries made significant adjustments as they moved to post-cold war politics focused on state democratization and economic restructuring. Africans themselves have recognized that this was not sufficient for preventing ethnic conflicts and civil war; stemming conflicts over resources between neighboring states; reducing poverty and achieving an equitable distribution of national resources; reducing debt and guaranteeing economic growth and development; or encouraging leadership transitions that reinforce democracy. Given the new understandings of shifts occurring within the global economy, African leaders have challenged themselves to construct patterns of regional and continental governance that will encourage unity and push Africa toward development.

Sessions of this series are designed to examine how it is in America’s long term interests to work with Africa in the changing global environment of the present, focusing on five major challenges under the African governance theme: the African Union (AU) and the New Partnership for African Development (NEPAD); management of strategic resources; leadership and democratic transitions; security, anti-terrorism, and tribunals; global partnerships with the United States, G8, and the United Nations.

Meetings

Nigeria Follow-Up Session

Speaker: Gwendolyn Mikell
March 24, 2003

This meeting is not for attribution.

Supporting African Conflict Resolution

Presider: Gwendolyn Mikell, Council on Foreign Relations
December 4, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

New Partnership for Africa's Development

Presider: Gwendolyn Mikell, Council on Foreign Relations
November 14, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Prospects for Peace in the Sudan

Speakers: Randolph Martin, International Rescue Committee, John Prendergast, International Crises Group
Presider: Robert P. DeVecchi
April 4, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

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NEPAD and the International Private Sector: An African 'Marshall Plan'?

Speaker: Cheikh Tidiane Gadio, Foreign Minister of Senegal
Presiders: Gwendolyn Mikell, Frank Savage
March 26, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

A Discussion of Recent Developments in Somalia

Speaker: Yusuf Hassan Ibrahim, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Somalia
Presider: Gwendolyn Mikell
March 19, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

Recent Developments in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Speaker: Leonard She Okitundu, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)
Presider: Gwendolyn Mikell
February 19, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

America's Response to Terrorism: Managing Africa's Oil Revenues in a Changing Global Climate

Speakers: Malik Chaka, Professional Staff Member, U.S. House Subcommittee on Africa, Donald R. Norland, U.S. Ambassador to Botswana, Lesotho, and Swaziland (1976–79)
Panelists: Joseph Barnes, Houston Chair; Research Fellow, James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy of Rice University, Gwendolyn Mikell, New York Chair; Adjunct Senior Fellow, Africa Studies, Council on Foreign Relations
Presider: Gwendolyn Mikell
January 29, 2002

This meeting is not for attribution.

America's Response to Terrorism: Fundamentalist Movements in Africa

Speaker: John Voll, Center for Muslim/Christian Understanding, Georgetown University
Presiders: Rachel Bronson, Gwendolyn Mikell
December 5, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

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A Conversation with Jendayi Frazer

Speaker: Jendayi Frazer, Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for African Affairs, International Affairs Fellow (1998-99), National Security Council
Presider: Gwendolyn Mikell
May 14, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

Constructing an African Policy

Speaker: Gwendolyn Mikell
April 12, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

The Impact of Democratization on Security: African Civilian and Military Perspectives

Speakers: Papa Khalilou Fall, Secretary General, l’Accord de Non-Aggression et de Defense (ANAD) Mission, Ibrahim Wani, Acting Dean and Senior Adviser, Africa Center for Strategic Studies
Presider: Gwendolyn Mikell, Adjunct Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations
April 9, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

Constructing and Africa Policy

Presider: Gwendolyn Mikell
March 26, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

Shaping the Dialogue: Shaping the Future

Speaker: Etienne Tshisekedi, Congolese Opposition Leader
Presider: Gwendolyn Mikell
March 8, 2001

This meeting is not for attribution.

Republicans and Democrats Discuss Trade and Security

Speaker: Walter H. Kansteiner, Forum for International Policy
Panelist: Gwendolyn Mikell
September 11, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

American Interest in Investing in Africa's Future

Speaker: Jeff Griffin, Overseas Private Investment Corporation
Presider: H. Carl McCall, Comptroller for N.Y. State
March 29, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

Promoting Security in Africa—The U.S. Contribution

Speaker: Aubrey Hooks, Special Coordinator, African Crisis Response Initiative (ACRI), U.S. Department of State
Presider: Gwendolyn Mikell, Adjunct Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations
February 10, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

Africa Promoting Security in Africa—The U.S. Contribution

Speaker: Aubrey Hooks, Special Coordinator, the African Crisis Response Initiative
February 10, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

Recent Events in the Ivory Coast

Speaker: Alassane D. Ouattara, President, Rassemblement des Républicains
Presider: Donald M. Payne, Congressman(D-N.J.)
February 9, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

The Road to Peace in the Congo

Speaker: Ernest Wamba dia Wamba, President, Rally for Congolese Democracy—Mouvement de Libération
Presider: Gwendolyn Mikell, Adjunct Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations
February 2, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

American Interests in Expanding Trade with Africa

Speaker: Rosa M. Whitaker, Assistant Trade Representative for Africa, Office of the U.S. Trade Representative
Presider: Ernest G. Green, Lehman Brothers
January 24, 2000

This meeting is not for attribution.

U.S. Africa Policy: The Year Ahead

Speaker: Susan E. Rice, Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, U.S. Department of State
Presider: Gay J. McDougall, International Human Rights Law Group
December 16, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

France’s Africa Policy in Transition: Redeployment and Disengagement

Speaker: Guy Martin, Associate Professor, Woodrow Wilson Department of Government and Foreign Affairs, University of Virginia
Presider: Herschelle S. Challenor, Clark Atlanta University
November 18, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

U.S. Africa Policy—The Year Ahead

Speaker: Gayle Smith, Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for African Affairs, National Security Council
Presider: Frank Savage, Chairman, Alliance Capital Management International
November 16, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Coups, Civil Wars, Famine, AIDS, and Elephants: Will Reporting Africa for Americans Change?

Speaker: Lynne Duke, New York Bureau Chief, Washington Post
Presider: Marcus Mabry, Edward R. Murrow Press Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations
October 19, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

South Africa in the Black: A Banker’s View

Speaker: Tito Mboweni, Governor, South African Reserve Bank
Presider: William J. McDonough, President, Federal Reserve Bank of New York
October 4, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

The Future of the Sudan

Speaker: John Garang, Chairman, Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA)
Presiders: Salih Booker, The Brookings Institution, Francis Deng
September 21, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

The View from Uganda

Speaker: Eriya T. Kategaya, First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Uganda
Presider: Jendayi Frazer, National Security Council, White House
September 17, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

From Deliverance to Delivery: South Africa’s Second Democratic Government

Speaker: Sheila Sisulu, Ambassador of the Republic of South Africa
Presider: Ernest G. Green, Managing Director of Public Finance, Lehman Brothers
September 8, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

The Ethiopia-Eritrea War: A Search for Solutions

Speakers: Paul Collier, The World Bank, John Prendergast, U.S. Institute of Peace
Presider: Salih Booker
May 26, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Bullets to Ballots to Barracks: Nigeria's Return to Civilian Government

Speakers: Clement Nwankwo, Constitutional Rights Project, Abdul Oroh, Civil Liberties Organization
Presider: Salih Booker
May 24, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

African Economies in the Age of Globalization

Speaker: Alassane D. Ouattara, International Monetary Fund
Presider: Vincent A. Mai
March 25, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Nigeria Returns: America Responds

Speaker: Thomas R. Pickering, Undersecretary for Political Affairs, U.S. Department of State
Presider: Walter C. Carrington, Fellow, W.E.B. Dubois Institute, Harvard University
March 11, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

War and Peace: Ghana's Perspective on Regional Peacekeeping in West Africa

Speaker: Jerry John Rawlings, President of Ghana
Presider: Julia Vadala Taft
February 25, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Seeking Peace in Sierra Leone

Speaker: Omrie Michael Golley, Revolutionary United Front (RUF)
Presider: Salih Booker
February 4, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

Getting the Right Mix in Africa: Aid, Trade, Investment, and Debt Reduction

Speaker: Kingsley Y. Amoako, Economic Commission for Africa
Presider: Willene Johnson
January 15, 1999

This meeting is not for attribution.

U.S. Interests in Africa: Today's Challenges and Tomorrow's Opportunities

Speaker: Susan E. Rice, Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, U.S. Department of State
Presider: Frank Savage
November 19, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

A Forecast: South African General Elections in May 1999

Speaker: Roger Southall, Rhodes University, South Africa
Presider: Salih Booker
November 3, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

ECOWAS: Priorities for Prosperity

Speaker: Lansana Kouyate, Economic Community of West African States
Presider: Jennifer C. Ward
October 5, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Crisis in the Congo

Speaker: Jacques Depelchin, Congolese Democracy Movement
Presider: Salih Booker
September 29, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Conference on Democracy, Human Rights, and Good Governance in Africa: French, American, and African Perspectives

Panelists: Salih Booker, National Endowment for Democracy, Carl S. Gershman, National Endowment for Democracy
June 3, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Africa on the U.S. Foreign Policy Agenda: A Follow Up on the President's Trip

Speaker: Samuel R. Berger, National Security Council
Presider: Salih Booker
April 13, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Briefing for the Press on President Clinton's Trip to Africa (March 22-April 2)

Speakers: Adotei Akwei, Amnesty International, Cherri D. Waters, InterAction, Mike Williams, Office of Congressman McDermott
Presider: Salih Booker, Senior Fellow, Africa Studies, Council on Foreign Relations
March 17, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Democracy in Nigeria: A Dream Deferred?

Speakers: Walter C. Carrington, Harvard University, Anthony Enahoro, National Democratic Coalition of Nigeria
Presider: Pauline H. Baker
February 26, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Regional Economic Cooperation in East Africa

Speakers: Nicholas Biwott, Kenya, Jakaya Kikwete, Foreign Minister, Tanzania, Francis Muthaura, Minister for East Africa and Regional Cooperation, East Africa Cooperation
Presider: Salih Booker
February 11, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

Turning Point in South Africa: A Review of the ANC's 50th National Conference

Speaker: Moeletsi Mbeki, KMM Investments
Presider: Tami Hultman
January 22, 1998

This meeting is not for attribution.

What Next in Central Africa?

Speaker: George Nzongola, Howard University
Presider: Cherri D. Waters
December 17, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

New Africa, New Policy

Speaker: Susan E. Rice, U.S. Department of State
Presider: David C. Miller Jr.
December 2, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

An Evening Discussion with Ayo Obe

Speaker: Ayo Obe, Civil Liberties Organization, Nigeria
Presider: Gwendolyn Mikell
Discussant: Peter Ekeh, Association of Nigerians for Dialogue
October 27, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

Mozambique in the New Millenium

Speaker: Joaquim A. Chissano, President of Mozambique
Presider: Thomas Corcoran Barry
October 21, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

Democracy or Deadlock: Civil Society and Constitutional Change in Kenya

Speakers: Willy Mutunga, National Convention Executive Council, Timothy Njoya, National Convention Executive Council
Presider: Salih Booker
September 30, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

Africa's Renaissance: Zimbabwe's Role in the Region and the World

Speaker: Robert Gabriel Mugabe, President of Zimbabwe
Presider: Jesse L. Jackson Sr.
September 23, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

Doing Business in South Africa

Speaker: Millard W. Arnold, U.S. Department of Commerce
Presider: Edward T. Cloonan
September 9, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

National Reconciliation, Democracy, and Economic Growth in Southern Africa

Speaker: Sam Nujoma, President, Namibia
Presider: Maurice Tempelsman
May 22, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

Africa's Outlook for 1997

Speaker: Salim Ahmed Salim, Organization of African Unity
Presider: Vivian Lowery Derryck
January 13, 1997

This meeting is not for attribution.

An Update on South Africa: Reflections on a Past in Prison and a Present in Power

Speaker: Ahmed M. Kathrada, National Assembly of South Africa
Presider: Gay J. McDougall
November 13, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

Children's Rights in War and Conflict

Speaker: Graca Machel, Expert of the U.N. Secretary General, U.N. Study on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Children
Presider: Salih Booker
November 12, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

Breakfast Discussion on Zaire

Speaker: Jacques Depelchin, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Presider: Salih Booker
November 8, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

A Luncheon with Julius Nyerere

Speaker: Julius Nyerere, President of Tanzania
Presider: Howard Wolpe
September 26, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

Nigeria in Crisis: The State of the Nation

Speaker: Wole Soyinka, author, Visiting Professor of African American Studies, Emory University
Presider: Henry Louis Gates Jr.
September 19, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

An Update on Burundi

Speaker: Howard Wolpe, The Brookings Institution
Presider: Esther Diane Brimmer
September 12, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

An Update on Liberia

Speakers: D. Elwood Dunn, University of the South, Ellen Johnson, U.N. Development Program, Pierre Pont, International Committee of the Red Cross, Susan E. Rice, National Security Council
Presider: J. Reed Kramer, allAfrica.com
June 26, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

Commercial Engagement: Clinton’s Agenda for Africa in the 21st Century

Speaker: Ronald H. Brown, U.S. Department of Commerce
Presider: Theodore C. Sorensen
March 27, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

An Update on Angola

Speakers: Edmund Dejarnette, U.S.-Angola Chamber of Commerce, William Minter, Africa Policy Information Center
Presider: Salih Booker
March 26, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.

An Update on Zaire

Speaker: Leon Kengo Wa Dondo, Prime Minstry, Zaire
Presider: Pauline H. Baker
March 20, 1996

This meeting is not for attribution.