The Europe Program works to inform policymakers, academics, business leaders, and the general public on the implications of unfolding political and economic developments in Europe. On topics ranging from the Eurozone crisis to NATO's future to Europe's relationship with Russia, the program looks to help experts and the public alike understand transatlantic relations and European affairs in a shifting global environment.
Long host to some of the world's most destructive conflicts, Europe over the past sixty years has relied on economic and political integration to evolve into a zone of peace and prosperity. The EU is today the world's largest market, it has adopted a single currency, and it has extended stability eastward by integrating new members and by working closely with neighbors. At the same time, Europe faces many challenges. The euro crisis weighs on financial stability and growth. The Balkans, the Caucasus, and other parts of Europe's periphery still struggle to overcome geopolitical and ethnic divides. And Europe's relationship with Russia remains a work in progress.
On the economic front, the 2008 global recession exposed the unsustainability of a monetary union that was not accompanied by a fiscal union. The consequent stress of economic adjustment demanded by creditor countries and the EU's continued economic malaise threaten the social and political stability of member states. The EU is in the midst of trying to fashion new banking and fiscal unions. Meanwhile, uncertainty within the eurozone and weak growth across the EU continue to weigh down an already-frail world economy.
The EU's internal problems are distracting attention from its external challenges, which include dealing with the instability caused by the Arab awakening and fashioning a cooperative relationship with Russia. The West's relationship with Moscow has been recently strained by differences over democracy and human rights, Russian behavior toward its "near abroad," NATO's intervention in Libya, and how best to respond to the civil war in Syria. All of these issues affect the broader transatlantic relationship, which is working hard to preserve its cohesion and effectiveness amid global change.
Through publications, blogs, meetings, conferences, and public speaking, the Europe program studies the changing transatlantic and European landscape and informs policymakers, experts, opinion leaders and the general public on these developments. The program also forges exchanges among the public and private sectors through workshops and roundtables in order to help shape transatlantic commercial relations. Media appearances and public speaking by the senior fellows help keep experts and the public informed on pressing issues and evolving trends in Europe.
The Kennan Roundtable is an on-going series of meetings that focus on the major policy questions posed by changing U.S. relationships with Russia and the former Soviet states of Eurasia. Whether measured by the near-alliance between Presidents Bush and Putin, the establishment of bases in Central Asia, or Ukraine's decision to seek NATO membership, there has been significant enhancement of these relationships since September 11. Understanding their durability and direction is the principal aim.
Meetings examine areas of expanding cooperation, such as Moscow's unfolding energy strategy and the security of sensitive nuclear materials. We will also look at emerging areas of discord. In the case of Russia, these include the tensions associated with its recurrent pressures on Georgia; in the case of Ukraine and Central Asia, the continuing emphasis placed by U.S. policy on democratization and human rights.
This project helps to foster the study of and debate about an American grand strategy for the twenty-first century. The group examines contending visions of order and seeks to promote a more fertile discussion of desirable outcomes and how policymakers can achieve them.
The first book generated by this study group was The End of the American Era: U.S. Foreign Policy and the Geopolitics of the Twenty-first Century, by Charles A. Kupchan, the project director. The study group played a key role in providing feedback on the book during the drafting of the manuscript. The book addresses how the United States can manage peacefully the transition to a world of multiple centers of power.
The current phase of the study group focuses on understanding the sources of stable peace -- how groupings of countries can form lasting partnerships and eliminate geopolitical competition. A book on this topic, along with several articles, will be the main published product. The book will examine a number of historical case studies of rapprochement, security communities and unions, exploring how zones of peace form and when and why they sometimes unravel. The book will draw policy conclusions relevant to preserving current zones of peace -- such as the Atlantic community -- as well as building new ones -- such as in East Asia.
The Contending Paradigms Study Group is made possible through the generosity of John McCloy.
December 16 Application Deadline:
Stanton Nuclear Security Fellowship
January 17 Application Deadline:
IAF in Nuclear Security
March 1 Application Deadline:
Edward R. Murrow Press Fellowship
For application instructions and more information, visit www.cfr.org/fellowships.
For more information on the David Rockefeller Studies Program, contact: